June 8, 2017

The Digital Footprint of Europe’s Refugees

Appendix: References

Al Jazeera English, 2015. “The top Google searches in Syria.” Doha, Qatar: Al Jazeera English, September.

Arthur, Charles. 2014. “Google Flu Trends is no longer good at predicting flu, scientists find.”  New York, NY: Guardian, March.

BBC. 2017. “Languages across Europe: Turkey.” BBC News, May.

BBC. 2016. “Who are the Kurds?” Middle East: BBC News, March.

Conant, Eve, Matthew Chwastyk and Ryan Williams. 2015. “The World’s Congested Human Migration Routes in 5 Maps.” Washington, D.C.: National Geographic.

Connor, Phillip. 2017. “European asylum applications remained near record levels in 2016.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, March.

Connor, Phillip. 2016. “Illegal migration to EU rises for routes both well-worn and less-traveled.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, March.

Connor, Phillip. 2016. “Number of Refugees to Europe Surges to Record 1.3 Million in 2015.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, August.

Connor, Phillip and Jens Manuel Krogstad. 2016. “Fewer refugees entering Europe than in 2015, but asylum backlog still growing.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, September.

Connor, Phillip. 2016. “Italy on track to surpass Greece in refugee arrivals for 2016.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, November.

Deutsche Welle. 2017. “Sharp drop in migrant arrivals in Germany.” Berlin, Germany: Deutsche Well, January.

Deutsche Welle. 2015. “Germany suspends ‘Dublin rules’ for Syrians.” Berlin, Germany: Deutsche Well, August.

Economist. 2017. “Migrants with mobiles: Phones are now indispensable for refugees.” London, United Kingdom: Economist, February.

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European Commission. 2017. “Identification of applicants (EURODAC).” Brussels, Belgium.

European Council. 2016. “Statement of the EU Heads of State or Government, 07/03/2016.” Brussels, Belgium: European Council, March.

Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. 2016.“Integration course figures.” Berlin, Germany: Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, March.

Grunau, Andrea. 2016. “Combating human traffickers – facts and questions.” Berlin, Germany: Deutsche Welle, December.

Kirk, Ashley. 2016. “Mapped: The journey that refugees are taking to get into Europe.” The Telegraph: London, UK: February.

Kozlowska, Hanna. 2015. “The most crucial item that migrants and refugees carry is a smartphone.” New York, NY: Quartz, September.

Matsa, Katerina Eva, Amy Mitchell and Galen Stocking. 2017. “Searching for news: The Flint water crisis.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, April.

McVeigh, Tracy. 2015. “Sympathy and solidarity for migrants on Kos beaches as two worlds collide.” New York, NY: Guardian, June.

Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry. 2013. “Syrian Refugees in Turkey, 2013.” Ankara, Turkey: Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry.

Return On Now. 2015. “2015 Search Engine Market Share By Country.” Austin, Texas: Return On Now.

Rosenfeld, Jesse. 2015. “This is What Greece’s Refugee Crisis Really Looks Like.” New York, NY: The Nation, September.

Rowley, Tom. 2016. “’The boat’s motor gave up. Anis got ready to swim. He looked from child to child. ‘Who would I save?’ Syrian refugee swimmer Rami Anis on his terrifying journey to the Olympics.” London, United Kingdom: The Telegraph, July.

Sebti, Bassam. 2016. “4 smartphone tools Syrian refugees use to arrive in Europe safely.” Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, February.

Stocking, Galeb and Katerina Eva Matsa. 2017. “Using Google Trends data for research? Here are 6 questions to ask.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, April.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). 2016. “Connecting refugees: How internet and mobile connectivity can improve refugee well-being and transform humanitarian action.” UNHCR, Geneva, Switzerland: July.

United Nations Population Fund . 2014. “Estimating Migration Flows Using Online Search Data. Global Pulse Project Series no. 4. United Nations Population Fund.”