April 24, 2018

Sub-Saharan African Immigrants in the U.S. Are Often More Educated Than Those in Top European Destinations

Appendix D: Sub-Saharan African countries and territories

The following list of countries and territories were used in the analysis as representing the sub-Saharan African region.

Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia

Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Ivory Coast
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria

Republic of the Congo
Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
St. Helena
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Sub-Saharan Africa in this report includes Sudan but does not include Reunion (considered part of France). This differs from previous Pew Research Center reports featuring analyses of sub-Saharan Africa.

In addition to the countries listed above, the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2015 American Community Survey’s other grouped categories such as Western Africa, Eastern Africa and Africa were also considered part of sub-Saharan Africa. Countries known by their earlier names such as Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) were included as sub-Saharan Africa.

Eurostat defines “Other Africa” in the Labor Force Survey to be this list of countries outside of North Africa. These countries are largely similar to the list above.