July 12, 2018

In Western Europe, Populist Parties Tap Anti-Establishment Frustration but Have Little Appeal Across Ideological Divide

Appendix C: References

Akkerman, A., Mudde, C., & Zaslove, A. 2014. “How populist are the people? Measuring populist attitudes in voters.” Comparative Political Studies, 47(9), 1324-1353.

Inglehart, R., & Norris, P. 2016. “Trump, Brexit, and the rise of populism: Economic have-nots and cultural backlash.” HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series No. RWP16-026.

Schulz, A., Müller, P., Schemer, C., Wirz, D. S., Wettstein, M., & Wirth, W. 2017. “Measuring populist attitudes on three dimensions.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 30(2), 316-326.

Spruyt, B., Keppens, G., & Van Droogenbroeck, F. 2016. “Who supports populism and what attracts people to it?” Political Research Quarterly, 69(2), 335-346.

Stanley, B. 2011. “Populism, nationalism, or national populism? An analysis of Slovak voting behaviour at the 2010 parliamentary election.” Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 44(4), 257-270.