September 15, 2015

Development in Africa

2014 GDP Growth and Attitudes about Current Economic Conditions
Pew Research Center conducted a survey in nine sub-Saharan African nations (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda) among 9,062 respondents from March 25 to May 21, 2015. Explore survey findings in the interactive below.

More details about Pew Research Center’s international survey methodology and country-specific sample designs are available here.
Population 1
17.4 million
GDP per capita (USD) 2
$720
Income level 3
Low income
show more data
Poverty headcount ratio at
$1 a day (PPP) (% population) 4
▼11.9 percentage points
Primary school
enrollment (% net) 5
▲28.5 percentage points
Ratio of female to male
primary enrollment 6
▲17.9 points
Infant mortality rate 7
▼23 per 1,000 live births
Maternal mortality ratio 8
▼50 per 100,000 live births

Note: Change from latest year available in the period 2000-2004 to latest year available in the period 2005-2014 shown unless otherwise noted.

Click here to see all statistics' footnotes.

1 Source: African Development Bank Group

2 GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by the 2014 midyear population. Source: World Bank

3 Note: Change from latest year available in the period 1990-1995 to latest year available in the period 2005-2014 for Ghana and Kenya. The poverty headcount ratio is the proportion of the national population that lives on less than USD 1 per day (using purchasing power parties). Source: African Development Bank Group

4 The net enrollment rate is the ratio of children of official school age who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Source: World Bank

5 Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Source: World Bank

6 Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. Source: African Development Bank Group

7 Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate) is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. Source: African Development Bank Group

1 Source: African Development Bank Group

2 GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by the 2014 midyear population. Source: World Bank

3 Source: World Bank

4 The poverty headcount ratio is the proportion of the national population that lives on less than USD 1 per day (using purchasing power parties). Change from latest year available in the period 1990-1995 to latest year available in the period 2005-2014 for Ghana and Kenya. Source: African Development Bank Group

5 The net enrollment rate is the ratio of children of official school age who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Source: World Bank

6 Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Source: World Bank

7 Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. Source: African Development Bank Group

8 Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate) is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. Source: African Development Bank Group

Country problems
90% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso say lack of clean drinking water is/are a very big problem.

* Data not reported for Ethiopia on government corruption.

Crime
Energy shortages
Food shortages
Government corruption
Lack of access to clean toilets
Lack of clean drinking water
Lack of employment opportunities
Pollution
Poor health care
Poor infrastructure
Poor quality schools
Too few citizens participating in politics

* Data not reported for Ethiopia on government corruption.

Top priorities
66% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso say health care should be the most important priority.
11%
education
0%
energy
18%
food supply
0%
gov't
effectiveness
66%
health care
3%
infra-
structure
Confidence in institutions
69% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso are confident that national government will help solve the major problems in the country.
Burkina Faso
Survey median
Burkina Faso
Survey median
National
government
Foreign
aid orgs.
Domestic
companies
Foreign
companies

* Data not reported for Ethiopia on confidence in national government.

National government
Foreign aid orgs.
Domestic companies
Foreign companies

* Data not reported for Ethiopia on confidence in national government.

Government & taxation
65% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso believe the national government is run for the benefit of all.
benefit
a few
31
benefit
all
65
46% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso favor lower taxes even if it means the government will provide fewer services.
lower
taxes,
fewer services
46
higher
taxes,
more services
39
Foreign Aid
37% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso have the impression that the country receives a lot of foreign aid.
A lot of aid
Some aid
Very little aid
37
29
25
85% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso say the country needs more foreign aid.*
More aid
About the same amount of aid
Less aid
85
6
5
* “None” responses not shown.

58% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso describe programs funded by aid organizations as corrupt.
Burkina Faso
Survey median
Burkina Faso
Survey median
Burkina Faso
Survey median
Corrupt
Inefficient
Effective
Beneficial
Corrupt
Ineffective
Effective
Beneficial
Foreign extractive companies’ impact
63% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso say foreign companies in the mining industry have a positive impact on the country.
Negative
impact
32
Positive
impact
63
69% of those surveyed in Burkina Faso say foreign companies in the mining industry ruin the environment.
Burkina Faso
Survey median
Burkina Faso
Survey median
Burkina Faso
Survey median
Ruin the
environment
Mines unsafe
for workers
Don’t pay
their share
of taxes
Provide
jobs for
local
workers
Contribute
to economic
growth
Ruin the environment
Unsafe working conditions
Don’t pay enough taxes
Provide jobs to local workers
Contribute to economic growth

Source: Pew Research Center’s Spring 2015 Global Attitudes survey. Icons by Noun Project.

Click here for tables comparing all countries' data. Click here to download the data.