July 14, 2015

Income by Class in China and India

China and India: How Many Lived on How Much in 2001 and 2011
Share of China’s and India’s population that lives on a given level of income
2001
2011
China
India
INDIA CHINA POOR UPPER-MIDDLE INCOME MIDDLE INCOME 0 $1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 $10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 $20 DAILY PER PERSON 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 $50 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35% LOW INCOME HIGH (>$50)
INDIA CHINA POOR UPPER-MIDDLE INCOME MIDDLE INCOME 0 $1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 $10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 $20 DAILY PER PERSON 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 $50 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35% LOW INCOME HIGH (>$50)
2001 2011 POOR UPPER-MIDDLE INCOME MIDDLE INCOME 0 $1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 $10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 $20 DAILY PER PERSON 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 $50 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35% LOW INCOME HIGH (>$50)
2001 2011 POOR UPPER-MIDDLE INCOME MIDDLE INCOME 0 $1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 $10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 $20 DAILY PER PERSON 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 $50 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35% LOW INCOME HIGH (>$50)
2011
In 2011, the income distribution in China appeared distinct from the income distribution in India. The shares of people living on more than $5 per day were much greater in China. Meanwhile, 31% of people in India lived on $3 per day, compared with only 13% in China.
2001
The income distributions in China and India were similar to each other in 2001. About 30% of people in each country lived on $2 per day and the median daily per capita income was nearly identical – $2.36 in China and $2.39 in India.
CHINA
From 2001 to 2011, the share of poor in China’s population decreased sharply and the share in the middle, living on $10.01-20 per day, increased noticeably. The median daily per capita income in China more than doubled from $2.36 in 2001 to $5.34 in 2011.
INDIA
Like China, the share of poor in India’s population fell sharply from 2001 to 2011. But this resulted mostly in an increase in the share of low-income people, i.e., those living on $2.01-10 per day. The median daily per capita income in India increased only from $2.39 to $2.96 in the decade.
Note: Income (or consumption) is expressed in 2011 purchasing power parities in 2011 prices. The height of the bars shows the share of the population that lives on $0-1, $1-2, and so on. Incomes beyond $50 daily per person are not shown because of the small shares of the populations that live on those budgets. For example, less than 1% of China’s population lived on more than $50 per day in 2011.

Source: Pew Research Center analysis of data from the World Bank PovcalNet database (Center for Global Development version available on the Harvard Dataverse Network)
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of data from the World Bank PovcalNet database (Center for Global Development version available on the Harvard Dataverse Network)