November 10, 2016

International Migrants by Country

According to the United Nations Population Division, an international migrant is someone who has been living for one year or longer in a country other than the one in which he or she was born. This means that many foreign workers and international students are counted as migrants. Additionally, the UN considers refugees and, in some cases, their descendants (such as Palestinians born in refugee camps outside of the Palestinian territories) to be international migrants. For the purposes of this interactive feature, estimates of the number of unauthorized immigrants living in various countries also are included in the total counts. On the other hand, tourists, foreign-aid workers, temporary workers employed abroad for less than a year and overseas military personnel typically are not counted as migrants.

Number of Immigrants

Total number of people living in a country in which they were not born by year

Number of Emigrants

Total number of people living outside of their country of birth by year

Country of ResidenceBirth 1990 2000 2010 2015 1990 2000 2010 2015
Afghanistan 60,000 80,000 100,000 380,000 6,720,000 4,540,000 5,000,000 4,840,000
Albania 70,000 80,000 50,000 60,000 180,000 820,000 1,110,000 1,120,000
Algeria 270,000 250,000 240,000 240,000 910,000 1,020,000 1,630,000 1,760,000
American Samoa 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 < 1,000
Andorra 40,000 40,000 50,000 40,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Angola 30,000 50,000 80,000 110,000 810,000 870,000 620,000 560,000
Anguilla <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Antigua and Barbuda 10,000 20,000 30,000 30,000 20,000 50,000 60,000 70,000
Argentina 1,650,000 1,540,000 1,810,000 2,090,000 430,000 550,000 930,000 940,000
Armenia 660,000 660,000 220,000 190,000 900,000 870,000 910,000 940,000
Aruba 10,000 30,000 30,000 40,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 20,000
Australia 3,960,000 4,390,000 5,880,000 6,760,000 300,000 380,000 490,000 530,000
Austria 790,000 1,000,000 1,280,000 1,490,000 510,000 470,000 550,000 580,000
Azerbaijan 360,000 330,000 280,000 260,000 1,630,000 1,630,000 1,180,000 1,150,000
Bahamas 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 20,000 30,000 30,000 40,000
Bahrain 170,000 240,000 660,000 700,000 10,000 50,000 50,000 60,000
Bangladesh 880,000 990,000 1,350,000 1,420,000 5,450,000 5,430,000 6,750,000 7,210,000
Barbados 20,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 80,000 90,000 90,000 100,000
Belarus 1,250,000 1,120,000 1,090,000 1,080,000 1,770,000 1,700,000 1,480,000 1,490,000
Belgium 890,000 850,000 1,050,000 1,390,000 360,000 400,000 490,000 530,000
Belize 30,000 40,000 50,000 50,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 60,000
Benin 80,000 130,000 210,000 250,000 230,000 320,000 510,000 620,000
Bermuda 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 70,000 10,000 20,000 20,000
Bhutan 20,000 30,000 50,000 50,000 30,000 120,000 90,000 40,000
Bolivia 70,000 90,000 120,000 140,000 220,000 340,000 780,000 800,000
Bosnia-Herzegovina 60,000 80,000 40,000 30,000 840,000 1,470,000 1,600,000 1,650,000
Botswana 30,000 60,000 120,000 160,000 30,000 30,000 40,000 60,000
Brazil 800,000 680,000 590,000 710,000 500,000 960,000 1,530,000 1,540,000
British Virgin Islands <10,000 10,000 20,000 20,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Brunei 70,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 20,000 40,000 50,000 50,000
Bulgaria 20,000 40,000 80,000 100,000 620,000 690,000 1,140,000 1,180,000
Burkina Faso 350,000 520,000 670,000 700,000 1,020,000 1,230,000 1,390,000 1,450,000
Burma (Myanmar) 130,000 100,000 80,000 70,000 590,000 1,120,000 2,440,000 2,880,000
Burundi 330,000 130,000 240,000 290,000 340,000 740,000 280,000 280,000
Cambodia 40,000 150,000 80,000 70,000 350,000 450,000 940,000 1,190,000
Cameroon 270,000 230,000 290,000 380,000 120,000 160,000 280,000 330,000
Canada 4,330,000 5,510,000 7,010,000 7,840,000 1,000,000 1,130,000 1,230,000 1,290,000
Cape Verde <10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 90,000 130,000 150,000 170,000
Cayman Islands <10,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Central African Republic 70,000 120,000 90,000 80,000 50,000 60,000 240,000 440,000
Chad 70,000 100,000 420,000 520,000 340,000 210,000 200,000 210,000
Channel Islands 60,000 60,000 80,000 80,000 20,000 10,000 20,000 20,000
Chile 110,000 180,000 370,000 470,000 490,000 510,000 560,000 610,000
China 380,000 510,000 850,000 980,000 4,230,000 5,750,000 8,600,000 9,550,000
Colombia 100,000 110,000 120,000 130,000 1,010,000 1,420,000 2,490,000 2,640,000
Comoros 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 40,000 70,000 110,000 120,000
Republic of the Congo 130,000 310,000 420,000 390,000 90,000 130,000 200,000 220,000
Cook Islands <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Costa Rica 420,000 310,000 410,000 420,000 70,000 100,000 130,000 130,000
Croatia 480,000 590,000 570,000 580,000 380,000 870,000 850,000 870,000
Cuba 30,000 20,000 10,000 10,000 840,000 1,030,000 1,260,000 1,430,000
Curacao < 1,000 < 1,000 30,000 40,000 40,000 60,000 70,000 70,000
Cyprus 40,000 80,000 190,000 200,000 170,000 150,000 160,000 180,000
Czech Republic 110,000 220,000 400,000 410,000 260,000 400,000 880,000 930,000
Democratic Republic of the Congo 750,000 740,000 590,000 550,000 400,000 830,000 1,230,000 1,400,000
Denmark 240,000 370,000 510,000 570,000 200,000 220,000 240,000 250,000
Djibouti 120,000 100,000 100,000 110,000 <10,000 <10,000 10,000 20,000
Dominica <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 40,000 50,000 70,000 70,000
Dominican Republic 290,000 360,000 390,000 420,000 460,000 880,000 1,150,000 1,300,000
Ecuador 80,000 150,000 330,000 390,000 210,000 440,000 1,130,000 1,100,000
Egypt 170,000 170,000 300,000 490,000 1,320,000 1,700,000 2,610,000 3,270,000
El Salvador 50,000 30,000 40,000 40,000 1,230,000 930,000 1,280,000 1,440,000
Equatorial Guinea <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 10,000 30,000 60,000 80,000 80,000
Eritrea 10,000 10,000 20,000 20,000 170,000 510,000 280,000 500,000
Estonia 380,000 250,000 220,000 200,000 110,000 140,000 160,000 200,000
Ethiopia 1,160,000 610,000 570,000 1,070,000 1,690,000 440,000 620,000 750,000
Faeroe Islands <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Federated States of Micronesia <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Fiji 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 90,000 130,000 180,000 200,000
Finland 60,000 140,000 250,000 320,000 250,000 320,000 290,000 300,000
France 5,900,000 6,280,000 7,200,000 7,780,000 1,200,000 1,520,000 1,970,000 2,150,000
French Guiana 60,000 80,000 100,000 110,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
French Polynesia 30,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Gabon 130,000 200,000 240,000 270,000 20,000 20,000 60,000 60,000
Gambia 120,000 180,000 190,000 190,000 40,000 40,000 80,000 90,000
Georgia 340,000 220,000 180,000 170,000 920,000 970,000 810,000 840,000
Germany 5,940,000 8,990,000 11,610,000 12,010,000 3,280,000 3,340,000 3,840,000 4,050,000
Ghana 160,000 190,000 340,000 400,000 370,000 470,000 690,000 800,000
Gibraltar <10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000
Greece 620,000 1,110,000 1,270,000 1,240,000 1,040,000 980,000 820,000 870,000
Greenland <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 10,000 20,000 20,000
Grenada <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 40,000 60,000 60,000 70,000
Guadeloupe 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 <10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000
Guam 70,000 70,000 80,000 80,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Guatemala 260,000 50,000 70,000 80,000 340,000 570,000 880,000 1,020,000
Guinea 400,000 560,000 210,000 230,000 350,000 350,000 400,000 430,000
Guinea Bissau 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 100,000
Guyana <10,000 <10,000 10,000 20,000 230,000 360,000 420,000 460,000
Haiti 20,000 30,000 40,000 40,000 530,000 790,000 1,090,000 1,200,000
Honduras 270,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 160,000 340,000 560,000 650,000
Hong Kong 2,220,000 2,670,000 2,780,000 2,840,000 490,000 680,000 950,000 1,040,000
Hungary 350,000 300,000 440,000 450,000 390,000 420,000 550,000 600,000
Iceland <10,000 20,000 40,000 40,000 20,000 30,000 30,000 40,000
India 7,490,000 6,410,000 5,440,000 5,240,000 6,720,000 7,950,000 13,290,000 15,580,000
Indonesia 470,000 290,000 310,000 330,000 1,640,000 2,330,000 3,490,000 3,880,000
Iran 4,290,000 2,800,000 2,760,000 2,730,000 630,000 830,000 1,010,000 1,120,000
Iraq 80,000 210,000 120,000 350,000 1,500,000 1,160,000 2,560,000 1,480,000
Ireland 230,000 350,000 730,000 750,000 870,000 820,000 780,000 880,000
Isle of Man 30,000 40,000 40,000 50,000 10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000
Israel 1,630,000 1,850,000 1,950,000 2,010,000 280,000 300,000 330,000 340,000
Italy 1,430,000 2,120,000 5,790,000 5,790,000 3,410,000 3,100,000 2,670,000 2,900,000
Ivory Coast 1,820,000 1,990,000 2,100,000 2,180,000 370,000 540,000 780,000 850,000
Jamaica 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 590,000 840,000 960,000 1,070,000
Japan 1,080,000 1,690,000 2,130,000 2,040,000 610,000 700,000 750,000 800,000
Jordan 1,150,000 1,930,000 2,720,000 3,110,000 310,000 370,000 600,000 700,000
Kazakhstan 3,620,000 2,870,000 3,330,000 3,550,000 2,970,000 3,570,000 3,980,000 4,080,000
Kenya 300,000 700,000 930,000 1,080,000 240,000 310,000 410,000 460,000
Kiribati <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Kuwait 1,070,000 1,130,000 1,870,000 2,870,000 80,000 110,000 170,000 190,000
Kyrgyzstan 620,000 390,000 230,000 200,000 520,000 570,000 740,000 760,000
Laos 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 480,000 640,000 1,190,000 1,350,000
Latvia 650,000 430,000 310,000 260,000 210,000 240,000 310,000 340,000
Lebanon 520,000 690,000 820,000 2,000,000 510,000 560,000 710,000 800,000
Lesotho <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 190,000 120,000 230,000 360,000
Liberia 90,000 150,000 100,000 110,000 520,000 260,000 260,000 280,000
Libya 460,000 570,000 680,000 770,000 70,000 80,000 130,000 140,000
Liechtenstein 10,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Lithuania 350,000 210,000 160,000 140,000 340,000 350,000 490,000 540,000
Luxembourg 110,000 140,000 160,000 250,000 30,000 30,000 60,000 60,000
Macau 210,000 240,000 320,000 340,000 90,000 100,000 130,000 140,000
Madagascar 20,000 20,000 30,000 30,000 60,000 80,000 160,000 170,000
Malawi 1,130,000 230,000 220,000 220,000 120,000 180,000 270,000 300,000
Malaysia 700,000 1,280,000 2,410,000 2,510,000 490,000 1,200,000 1,620,000 1,840,000
Maldives <10,000 30,000 70,000 90,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Mali 160,000 190,000 340,000 360,000 650,000 720,000 840,000 1,010,000
Malta 20,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 110,000 100,000 100,000 100,000
Marshall Islands <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Martinique 40,000 50,000 60,000 60,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
Mauritania 110,000 60,000 80,000 140,000 130,000 110,000 110,000 120,000
Mauritius <10,000 20,000 20,000 30,000 110,000 120,000 150,000 170,000
Mayotte 20,000 50,000 70,000 80,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Mexico 700,000 540,000 970,000 1,190,000 4,390,000 9,330,000 11,830,000 12,340,000
Moldova 540,000 250,000 160,000 140,000 630,000 600,000 830,000 890,000
Monaco 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 <10,000 <10,000 30,000 30,000
Mongolia <10,000 <10,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 30,000 60,000 60,000
Montenegro < 1,000 < 1,000 80,000 80,000 80,000 180,000 130,000 140,000
Montserrat <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Morocco 50,000 50,000 70,000 90,000 1,590,000 1,950,000 2,780,000 2,830,000
Mozambique 120,000 200,000 210,000 220,000 2,220,000 640,000 670,000 710,000
Namibia 120,000 130,000 100,000 90,000 20,000 50,000 90,000 150,000
Nauru <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Nepal 430,000 720,000 580,000 520,000 750,000 970,000 1,380,000 1,630,000
Netherlands 1,180,000 1,560,000 1,830,000 1,980,000 730,000 750,000 900,000 980,000
New Caledonia 40,000 50,000 60,000 60,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
New Zealand 520,000 680,000 950,000 1,040,000 380,000 490,000 660,000 800,000
Nicaragua 40,000 30,000 40,000 40,000 440,000 500,000 600,000 640,000
Niger 120,000 120,000 130,000 190,000 130,000 190,000 310,000 360,000
Nigeria 460,000 490,000 920,000 1,200,000 450,000 600,000 980,000 1,090,000
Niue < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
North Korea 30,000 40,000 40,000 50,000 40,000 70,000 110,000 110,000
Northern Mariana Islands 30,000 40,000 20,000 20,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Norway 190,000 290,000 530,000 740,000 140,000 160,000 180,000 190,000
Oman 300,000 620,000 820,000 1,840,000 10,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Pakistan 6,210,000 4,180,000 3,940,000 3,630,000 3,340,000 3,390,000 5,020,000 5,940,000
Palau <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Palestinian territories 290,000 280,000 260,000 260,000 1,810,000 2,670,000 3,130,000 3,550,000
Panama 60,000 80,000 160,000 180,000 130,000 130,000 130,000 140,000
Papua New Guinea 30,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Paraguay 200,000 180,000 160,000 160,000 300,000 370,000 760,000 850,000
Peru 70,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 310,000 690,000 1,310,000 1,410,000
Philippines 150,000 320,000 210,000 210,000 2,030,000 3,030,000 4,660,000 5,320,000
Poland 1,130,000 830,000 640,000 620,000 1,530,000 2,060,000 4,140,000 4,450,000
Portugal 440,000 650,000 760,000 840,000 2,060,000 2,170,000 2,100,000 2,310,000
Puerto Rico 320,000 360,000 300,000 270,000 1,200,000 1,560,000 1,650,000 1,770,000
Qatar 310,000 360,000 1,460,000 1,690,000 10,000 10,000 20,000 30,000
Republic of Macedonia 100,000 130,000 130,000 130,000 390,000 530,000 480,000 520,000
Reunion 60,000 100,000 120,000 130,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Romania 140,000 130,000 160,000 230,000 810,000 1,140,000 3,360,000 3,410,000
Russia 11,520,000 11,900,000 11,190,000 11,640,000 12,700,000 10,810,000 10,430,000 10,580,000
Rwanda 160,000 350,000 440,000 440,000 550,000 320,000 330,000 320,000
Samoa <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 70,000 90,000 100,000 110,000
San Marino <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Sao Tome and Principe <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000
Saudi Arabia 5,000,000 5,260,000 8,430,000 10,190,000 110,000 150,000 230,000 270,000
Senegal 270,000 230,000 260,000 260,000 370,000 390,000 560,000 590,000
Serbia 100,000 860,000 830,000 810,000 660,000 1,130,000 880,000 960,000
Seychelles <10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000 30,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000
Sierra Leone 220,000 100,000 100,000 90,000 60,000 510,000 130,000 150,000
Singapore 730,000 1,350,000 2,160,000 2,540,000 160,000 190,000 280,000 310,000
Slovakia 40,000 120,000 150,000 180,000 130,000 250,000 300,000 340,000
Slovenia 180,000 170,000 250,000 240,000 80,000 120,000 130,000 140,000
Solomon Islands <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Somalia 480,000 20,000 20,000 30,000 850,000 1,000,000 1,600,000 2,000,000
South Africa 1,160,000 1,000,000 1,940,000 3,140,000 330,000 510,000 740,000 840,000
South Korea 40,000 240,000 920,000 1,330,000 1,630,000 1,930,000 2,270,000 2,350,000
South Sudan < 1,000 < 1,000 260,000 820,000 510,000 340,000 400,000 630,000
Spain 820,000 1,660,000 6,280,000 5,850,000 1,450,000 1,300,000 1,110,000 1,250,000
Sri Lanka 40,000 40,000 40,000 40,000 880,000 980,000 1,440,000 1,640,000
St. Helena < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
St. Kitts and Nevis <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 40,000
St. Lucia <10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000 20,000 40,000 50,000 60,000
St. Pierre and Miquelon <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000
St. Vincent and the Grenadines <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 60,000
Sudan 1,400,000 800,000 580,000 500,000 590,000 860,000 1,200,000 1,890,000
Suriname 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 180,000 210,000 260,000 270,000
Swaziland 70,000 20,000 30,000 30,000 40,000 30,000 60,000 100,000
Sweden 790,000 1,000,000 1,380,000 1,640,000 200,000 260,000 300,000 330,000
Switzerland 1,390,000 1,570,000 2,080,000 2,440,000 320,000 370,000 640,000 660,000
Syria 710,000 830,000 1,660,000 880,000 620,000 710,000 1,090,000 5,010,000
Tajikistan 430,000 300,000 280,000 280,000 540,000 500,000 590,000 590,000
Tanzania 570,000 930,000 310,000 260,000 200,000 220,000 270,000 290,000
Thailand 530,000 1,260,000 3,220,000 3,910,000 310,000 530,000 770,000 850,000
Timor-Leste <10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 <10,000 150,000 30,000 40,000
Togo 80,000 140,000 260,000 280,000 190,000 260,000 380,000 450,000
Tokelau < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Tonga <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 30,000 50,000 50,000 60,000
Trinidad and Tobago 50,000 40,000 50,000 50,000 200,000 300,000 340,000 360,000
Tunisia 40,000 40,000 40,000 60,000 450,000 480,000 610,000 650,000
Turkey 1,160,000 1,280,000 1,370,000 2,960,000 2,530,000 2,810,000 2,950,000 3,110,000
Turkmenistan 310,000 220,000 200,000 200,000 260,000 220,000 240,000 240,000
Turks and Caicos Islands <10,000 <10,000 10,000 10,000 <10,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000
Tuvalu < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 < 1,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
U.S. Virgin Islands 50,000 60,000 60,000 60,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Uganda 560,000 630,000 530,000 750,000 310,000 550,000 700,000 740,000
Ukraine 6,890,000 5,530,000 4,820,000 4,830,000 5,550,000 5,610,000 5,500,000 5,830,000
United Arab Emirates 1,310,000 2,450,000 7,320,000 8,100,000 80,000 110,000 120,000 140,000
United Kingdom 3,650,000 4,730,000 7,600,000 8,540,000 2,680,000 3,850,000 4,560,000 4,920,000
United States 23,250,000 34,810,000 44,180,000 46,630,000 1,740,000 1,990,000 2,720,000 3,020,000
Uruguay 100,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 240,000 230,000 330,000 350,000
Uzbekistan 1,650,000 1,410,000 1,220,000 1,170,000 1,430,000 1,610,000 1,910,000 1,990,000
Vanuatu <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Venezuela 1,030,000 1,010,000 1,330,000 1,400,000 190,000 320,000 550,000 610,000
Vietnam 30,000 60,000 60,000 70,000 1,230,000 1,850,000 2,310,000 2,560,000
Wallis and Futuna <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000
Western Sahara <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 <10,000 170,000 170,000 90,000 90,000
Yemen 120,000 140,000 290,000 340,000 460,000 530,000 880,000 1,010,000
Zambia 280,000 320,000 150,000 130,000 80,000 160,000 210,000 240,000
Zimbabwe 630,000 410,000 400,000 400,000 170,000 310,000 670,000 860,000

Percentage Emigrant

Estimated percentage of country’s population living outside of their country of birth by year

Percentage Immigrant

Estimated percentage of county’s population that is foreign born

Country of ResidenceBirth 1990 2000 2010 2015 1990 2000 2010 2015
Afghanistan 36% 19% 15% 13% <1% <1% <1% 1%
Albania 5% 21% 28% 28% 2% 2% 2% 2%
Algeria 3% 3% 4% 4% 1% <1% <1% <1%
Angola 7% 5% 3% 2% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Argentina 1% 2% 2% 2% 5% 4% 4% 5%
Armenia 24% 26% 25% 25% 19% 21% 7% 6%
Australia 2% 3% 3% 3% 23% 23% 27% 28%
Austria 7% 6% 7% 8% 10% 12% 15% 17%
Azerbaijan 19% 17% 12% 11% 5% 4% 3% 3%
Bahrain 4% 10% 8% 8% 35% 36% 52% 51%
Bangladesh 5% 4% 4% 4% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Belarus 16% 16% 15% 15% 12% 11% 11% 11%
Belgium 4% 4% 5% 5% 9% 8% 10% 12%
Benin 5% 4% 5% 5% 2% 2% 2% 2%
Bolivia 3% 4% 7% 7% 1% 1% 1% 1%
Bosnia-Herzegovina 16% 28% 30% 30% 1% 2% 1% <1%
Botswana 2% 2% 2% 3% 2% 3% 6% 7%
Brazil <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Bulgaria 7% 8% 13% 14% <1% <1% 1% 1%
Burkina Faso 11% 10% 8% 8% 4% 4% 4% 4%
Burma (Myanmar) 1% 2% 5% 5% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Burundi 6% 10% 3% 3% 6% 2% 2% 3%
Cambodia 4% 4% 6% 7% <1% 1% <1% <1%
Cameroon <1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2%
Canada 4% 4% 4% 4% 16% 18% 21% 22%
Central African Republic 2% 2% 5% 8% 2% 3% 2% 2%
Chad 5% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 4% 4%
Chile 4% 3% 3% 3% <1% 1% 2% 3%
China <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Colombia 3% 3% 5% 5% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Costa Rica 3% 3% 3% 3% 13% 8% 9% 9%
Croatia 8% 19% 19% 19% 10% 13% 13% 14%
Cuba 7% 8% 10% 11% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Cyprus 19% 15% 15% 15% 6% 8% 17% 17%
Czech Republic 2% 4% 8% 8% 1% 2% 4% 4%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% <1% <1%
Denmark 4% 4% 5% 5% 5% 7% 9% 10%
Dominican Republic 6% 10% 11% 11% 4% 4% 4% 4%
Ecuador 2% 3% 7% 7% <1% 1% 2% 2%
Egypt 2% 2% 3% 3% <1% <1% <1% <1%
El Salvador 19% 14% 18% 19% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Eritrea 5% 13% 6% 9% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Estonia 9% 11% 13% 15% 24% 18% 16% 15%
Ethiopia 3% <1% <1% <1% 2% <1% <1% 1%
Finland 5% 6% 5% 5% 1% 3% 5% 6%
France 2% 3% 3% 4% 10% 11% 11% 12%
Gabon 2% 2% 4% 4% 13% 16% 16% 16%
Gambia 4% 4% 5% 5% 13% 15% 11% 10%
Georgia 15% 18% 17% 18% 6% 5% 4% 4%
Germany 4% 4% 5% 6% 8% 11% 14% 15%
Ghana 3% 2% 3% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1%
Greece 10% 9% 8% 8% 6% 10% 11% 11%
Guatemala 4% 5% 6% 6% 3% <1% <1% <1%
Guinea 6% 4% 4% 3% 7% 6% 2% 2%
Guinea-Bissau 5% 6% 6% 5% 1% 2% 1% 1%
Haiti 7% 9% 10% 10% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Honduras 3% 5% 7% 7% 6% <1% <1% <1%
Hong Kong 12% 14% 18% 19% 38% 39% 40% 39%
Hungary 4% 4% 5% 6% 3% 3% 4% 5%
India <1% <1% 1% 1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Indonesia <1% 1% 1% 1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Iran 1% 1% 1% 1% 8% 4% 4% 3%
Iraq 8% 5% 8% 4% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Ireland 21% 19% 17% 18% 6% 9% 16% 16%
Israel 9% 7% 6% 5% 36% 31% 26% 25%
Italy 6% 5% 5% 5% 3% 4% 10% 10%
Ivory Coast 3% 4% 4% 4% 15% 12% 10% 10%
Jamaica 20% 25% 26% 28% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Japan <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% 1% 2% 2%
Jordan 12% 11% 14% 14% 34% 40% 42% 41%
Kazakhstan 19% 23% 23% 22% 22% 19% 20% 20%
Kenya 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 2%
Kuwait 8% 12% 13% 15% 52% 58% 61% 74%
Kyrgyzstan 12% 11% 12% 12% 14% 8% 4% 3%
Laos 10% 11% 16% 17% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Latvia 10% 11% 15% 17% 24% 18% 15% 13%
Lebanon 19% 18% 17% 17% 19% 21% 19% 34%
Lesotho 11% 6% 10% 15% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Liberia 20% 9% 6% 6% 5% 5% 3% 3%
Libya 2% 2% 2% 3% 10% 11% 11% 12%
Lithuania 9% 10% 14% 17% 9% 6% 5% 5%
Madagascar <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Malawi 1% 2% 2% 2% 12% 2% 1% 1%
Malaysia 3% 5% 6% 6% 4% 5% 9% 8%
Mali 7% 6% 5% 6% 2% 2% 2% 2%
Mauritania 7% 4% 3% 3% 6% 2% 2% 3%
Mauritius 9% 9% 11% 12% <1% 1% 2% 2%
Mexico 5% 8% 9% 9% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Moldova 14% 13% 18% 18% 12% 6% 4% 4%
Mongolia 1% 1% 2% 2% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Morocco 6% 6% 8% 8% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Mozambique 14% 3% 3% 3% <1% 1% <1% <1%
Namibia 1% 3% 4% 6% 9% 7% 5% 4%
Nepal 4% 4% 5% 5% 2% 3% 2% 2%
Netherlands 5% 5% 6% 6% 8% 10% 11% 12%
New Zealand 12% 13% 16% 19% 15% 18% 22% 23%
Nicaragua 10% 9% 9% 10% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Niger 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% <1% <1%
Nigeria <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
North Korea <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Norway 3% 4% 4% 4% 5% 7% 11% 14%
Oman <1% <1% <1% <1% 17% 28% 28% 41%
Pakistan 3% 2% 3% 3% 6% 3% 2% 2%
Panama 5% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 4% 5%
Papua New Guinea <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Paraguay 7% 7% 11% 12% 5% 3% 3% 2%
Peru 1% 3% 4% 4% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Philippines 3% 4% 5% 5% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Poland 4% 5% 10% 10% 3% 2% 2% 2%
Portugal 18% 18% 18% 20% 4% 6% 7% 8%
Qatar 7% 6% 7% 4% 65% 61% 82% 75%
Republic of Macedonia 17% 22% 20% 21% 5% 6% 6% 6%
Republic of the Congo 4% 4% 5% 5% 5% 10% 10% 9%
Romania 3% 5% 14% 15% <1% <1% <1% 1%
Russia 9% 7% 7% 7% 8% 8% 8% 8%
Rwanda 7% 4% 3% 3% 2% 4% 4% 4%
Saudi Arabia <1% <1% 1% 1% 31% 25% 30% 32%
Senegal 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2%
Serbia 7% 12% 10% 11% 1% 9% 9% 9%
Sierra Leone 2% 11% 2% 2% 6% 2% 2% 1%
Singapore 6% 7% 9% 9% 24% 34% 43% 45%
Slovakia 2% 5% 5% 6% <1% 2% 3% 3%
Slovenia 4% 6% 7% 7% 9% 9% 12% 11%
Somalia 13% 12% 14% 16% 8% <1% <1% <1%
South Africa <1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 2% 4% 6%
South Korea 4% 4% 4% 5% <1% <1% 2% 3%
South Sudan 8% 5% 4% 5% <1% <1% 3% 7%
Spain 4% 3% 3% 3% 2% 4% 13% 13%
Sri Lanka 5% 5% 7% 7% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Sudan 3% 3% 3% 5% 7% 3% 2% 1%
Swaziland 4% 3% 5% 7% 8% 2% 3% 2%
Sweden 3% 3% 4% 4% 9% 11% 15% 17%
Switzerland 6% 6% 10% 10% 21% 22% 27% 29%
Syria 5% 4% 5% 22% 6% 5% 8% 5%
Tajikistan 10% 8% 7% 7% 8% 5% 4% 3%
Tanzania <1% <1% <1% <1% 2% 3% <1% <1%
Thailand <1% <1% 1% 1% <1% 2% 5% 6%
Timor-Leste <1% 15% 3% 3% 1% 1% 1% <1%
Togo 5% 5% 6% 6% 2% 3% 4% 4%
Trinidad and Tobago 14% 20% 21% 22% 4% 3% 4% 4%
Tunisia 5% 5% 5% 5% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Turkey 5% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 4%
Turkmenistan 7% 5% 5% 4% 8% 5% 4% 4%
Uganda 2% 2% 2% 2% 3% 3% 2% 2%
Ukraine 11% 11% 12% 13% 13% 11% 11% 11%
United Arab Emirates 14% 16% 11% 11% 72% 80% 88% 88%
United Kingdom 5% 7% 8% 8% 6% 8% 12% 13%
United States <1% <1% 1% 1% 9% 12% 14% 14%
Uruguay 7% 7% 9% 9% 3% 3% 2% 2%
Uzbekistan 7% 7% 7% 6% 8% 6% 4% 4%
Venezuela <1% 1% 2% 2% 5% 4% 5% 5%
Vietnam 2% 2% 3% 3% <1% <1% <1% <1%
Yemen 4% 3% 4% 4% <1% <1% 1% 1%
Zambia 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 3% 1% <1%
Zimbabwe 2% 3% 5% 5% 6% 3% 3% 3%

The figures in this interactive feature refer to the total number (or cumulative “stocks”) of migrants living around the world in each year (1990, 2000, 2010 and 2015) rather than to the annual rate of migration (or current “flows”). Since migrants have both an origin and a destination, international migrants can be viewed from two directions — as an emigrant (leaving an origin country) or as an immigrant (entering a destination country).

Estimates between 0 and 999 are shown as <1,000. Estimates between 1,000 and 9,999 are shown as <10,000. Estimates of 10,000 or greater are rounded to the nearest 10,000. All percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number. Ties are listed in alphabetical order. Data are from the United Nations Population Division’s bilateral matrix of international migrant stocks.

Percent immigrant/emigrant estimates include only countries with a total population of 1 million or more in 2015. Percent immigrant/emigrant estimates do not include the Palestinian territories since descendants are included in UN estimates and the definition of foreign born may not apply. Furthermore, percent immigrant/emigrant estimates do not include Puerto Rico since those born in this U.S. territory are American citizens and can move to the United States without any governmental restrictions. Percent immigrant is calculated as the total number of immigrants divided by the total population from the United Nations Population Division’s 2015 revision of World Population Prospects. Percent emigrant is the total number of emigrants divided by a denominator for the estimated birth population (emigrant country’s population plus the country’s number of emigrants, minus the country’s immigrant population).

This interactive is based on international migrant data published by the United Nations (see “Notes” worksheet in the data for more information on the UN’s methodology). The United Nations uses a taxonomy of nations and territories and classifies migrants born in territories as international migrants, even if their citizenship is different from their territory of birth. For example, UN data counts people born in Puerto Rico, a U.S. commonwealth, as international migrants even though they are U.S. citizens by birth. For this reason, some UN estimates of the foreign-born population shown here may differ from other estimates published by the U.S. Census Bureau or Pew Research Center. Recent Pew Research Center estimates show that fewer new Mexican immigrants enter the U.S. and a greater number return. The UN migration estimates do not reflect this recent Mexico-U.S. trend and thus differ from previously published Pew Research Center estimates of the Mexican immigrant population in the U.S. Data for individual countries are based on the UN’s list of countries in 2015, even if some of these countries did not exist or had different boundaries in earlier years. Finally, estimates in this interactive do not list unknown origins of the world’s migrants (numbering about 10 million, or 4% of the world’s international migrant population in 2015).