July 18, 2018

Unemployment rate in EU countries, 2000-2018

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Austria,
ages 15 to 74
Austria,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 4.2% 5.6%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 3.7% 5.1%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 3.8% 5.3%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 3.8% 6.1%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 3.7% 5.4%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 4.0% 6.3%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 4.1% 6.5%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 4.3% 6.6%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 4.5% 6.5%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 4.2% 6.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 4.4% 6.8%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 4.4% 6.8%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 4.5% 6.8%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 4.8% 7.5%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 4.8% 8.0%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.0% 8.5%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 5.6% 12.6%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 5.4% 9.2%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.5% 9.7%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.5% 10.4%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 5.4% 10.2%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 5.7% 11.7%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 5.7% 11.0%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 5.7% 11.1%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 5.7% 10.9%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 5.2% 9.1%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 5.0% 9.5%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 4.9% 9.0%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 5.0% 9.2%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 5.1% 10.2%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 5.0% 10.1%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 4.5% 8.3%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 4.2% 8.6%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 3.9% 7.5%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 4.0% 7.9%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 4.4% 10.1%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 4.8% 9.7%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 5.4% 11.2%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 5.7% 11.1%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 5.5% 10.9%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 5.0% 9.8%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 4.9% 9.0%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 4.8% 9.6%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 4.5% 8.4%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 4.9% 9.8%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 4.5% 9.2%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 4.2% 8.0%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 4.8% 9.3%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 4.5% 9.2%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 4.9% 9.6%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 5.2% 9.9%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 5.0% 9.1%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 5.3% 9.2%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 5.2% 9.4%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 5.4% 9.8%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 5.5% 10.2%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 5.6% 11.0%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 5.5% 10.2%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 5.6% 10.0%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 5.7% 10.1%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 5.5% 9.2%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 5.9% 10.6%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 5.6% 10.7%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 5.9% 11.6%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 6.0% 11.6%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.2% 11.2%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 6.2% 11.5%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 5.7% 10.6%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 5.8% 10.5%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 5.5% 9.7%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 5.4% 9.7%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 5.4% 9.8%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 5.0% 9.8%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15-74
European Union,
ages 15-24
Belgium,
ages 15-74
Belgium,
ages 15-24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 7.1% 16.3%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 6.8% 15.9%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 6.9% 18.2%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 6.6% 15.8%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 6.1% 14.8%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 6.5% 16.8%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 6.3% 16.0%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 7.4% 19.4%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 7.3% 18.6%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 7.3% 17.2%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 7.5% 17.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 8.0% 18.3%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 8.1% 21.5%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 8.1% 20.7%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.1% 22.2%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.4% 22.5%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 8.6% 20.2%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 7.7% 19.3%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.9% 22.7%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.3% 22.2%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 8.5% 21.1%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 8.5% 21.8%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 8.5% 21.2%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 8.4% 22.0%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 8.6% 20.5%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 8.7% 20.7%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 7.9% 20.7%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 7.9% 19.9%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 7.8% 19.1%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 8.0% 21.1%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 7.1% 18.4%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 7.1% 17.3%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 6.9% 16.8%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 6.6% 15.8%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 7.5% 20.7%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 6.8% 17.8%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 7.8% 21.1%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 7.8% 21.7%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 8.0% 22.0%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 8.1% 23.1%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 8.6% 24.8%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 8.4% 22.7%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 8.4% 21.2%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 7.8% 20.9%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 7.1% 18.8%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 6.9% 18.0%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 7.5% 21.6%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 7.0% 16.3%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 7.1% 18.9%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 7.3% 17.7%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 7.5% 20.4%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 8.2% 21.7%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 8.4% 23.3%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 8.4% 24.1%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 8.5% 23.4%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 8.5% 24.2%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 8.6% 26.3%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 8.6% 25.0%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 8.5% 20.2%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 8.5% 21.8%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 8.7% 20.5%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 8.7% 21.7%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 8.0% 21.1%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 8.7% 25.1%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 8.2% 19.9%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 8.2% 20.6%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 7.7% 20.6%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 7.2% 19.3%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 7.7% 21.6%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 7.3% 21.5%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 7.1% 18.1%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 6.4% 16.3%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 6.1% 17.0%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Bulgaria,
ages 15 to 74
Bulgaria,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 14.7% 31.1%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 16.0% 33.2%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 17.2% 34.7%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 17.9% 36.2%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 18.8% 38.0%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 20.1% 38.5%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 19.9% 38.3%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 19.8% 37.7%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 19.2% 38.0%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 18.5% 35.2%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 18.3% 34.6%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 16.9% 32.5%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 15.0% 28.8%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 14.1% 27.4%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 13.3% 25.9%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 12.7% 25.0%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 12.8% 24.6%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 12.3% 24.4%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 11.5% 23.9%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 11.7% 23.8%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 10.9% 22.2%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 10.2% 21.9%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 9.7% 20.1%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 9.8% 20.1%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 9.3% 19.6%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 9.1% 19.4%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 9.2% 18.0%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 8.4% 16.3%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 7.6% 14.6%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 7.0% 13.0%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 6.9% 15.3%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 6.2% 13.7%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 6.1% 12.8%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 5.8% 12.5%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 5.4% 10.7%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 5.2% 11.6%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 5.9% 12.3%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 6.4% 14.1%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 7.2% 16.3%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 8.0% 17.6%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 9.4% 19.8%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 10.0% 21.0%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 10.5% 22.8%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 11.3% 24.3%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 11.2% 24.8%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 11.2% 24.9%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 11.2% 24.4%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 11.5% 26.0%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 12.0% 28.9%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 12.3% 28.7%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 12.4% 26.9%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 12.5% 27.6%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 12.9% 27.8%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 12.9% 29.2%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 12.9% 28.9%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 13.1% 27.3%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 12.2% 25.5%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 11.3% 24.0%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 11.5% 22.8%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 10.8% 22.6%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 9.9% 22.4%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 9.8% 22.9%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 8.8% 20.2%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 8.1% 20.9%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 8.1% 18.0%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 7.9% 15.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 7.4% 19.1%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 6.9% 16.3%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 6.5% 13.0%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 6.3% 14.0%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 6.1% 13.6%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 5.8% 11.2%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 5.4% 12.1%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Croatia,
ages 15 to 74
Croatia,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 14.8% 36.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 15.5% 37.2%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 16.0% 37.7%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 16.4% 39.2%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 16.2% 40.1%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 16.0% 40.0%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 15.9% 40.0%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 15.7% 39.2%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 15.8% 38.2%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 15.6% 37.0%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 15.2% 35.9%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 14.6% 34.5%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 14.1% 34.2%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 14.1% 33.7%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 14.0% 33.6%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 14.0% 34.0%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 14.1% 33.6%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 13.9% 32.9%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 13.8% 32.6%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 13.7% 32.6%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 13.5% 32.8%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 13.2% 32.4%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 12.8% 31.6%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 12.6% 30.8%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 12.2% 29.9%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 11.8% 29.1%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 11.4% 28.2%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 11.1% 27.8%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 10.4% 26.3%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 9.9% 25.4%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 10.1% 25.5%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 9.4% 25.1%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 9.0% 24.5%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 8.7% 23.7%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 8.5% 23.6%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.3% 23.3%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 8.6% 24.0%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 9.2% 25.1%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 9.5% 25.5%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 10.0% 26.5%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 10.7% 28.6%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 11.5% 31.6%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 12.1% 33.8%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 12.8% 36.0%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 13.2% 37.1%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 13.5% 36.8%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 14.0% 37.0%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 14.1% 36.8%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 14.8% 38.1%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 15.4% 40.4%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 16.1% 43.7%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 16.8% 47.3%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 17.2% 48.9%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 17.4% 49.8%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 17.3% 48.9%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 17.5% 47.3%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 17.6% 46.6%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 17.5% 46.1%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 17.0% 44.2%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 16.8% 43.7%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 16.8% 44.0%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 16.4% 42.8%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 15.9% 41.1%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 15.4% 38.3%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 14.3% 34.6%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 13.5% 32.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 13.0% 31.4%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 12.6% 30.5%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 12.0% 28.9%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 11.3% 27.3%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 10.8% 26.4%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 10.1% 25.1%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 9.5% 23.6%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Cyprus,
ages 15 to 74
Cyprus,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 4.8% 10.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 5.2% 10.4%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 4.7% 9.6%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 4.7% 9.1%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 3.9% 8.7%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 4.2% 8.4%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 3.8% 8.0%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 3.8% 7.9%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 3.1% 7.8%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 3.5% 7.9%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 3.5% 8.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 3.9% 8.3%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 3.6% 8.5%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 4.3% 9.1%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 4.2% 8.6%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 4.4% 8.7%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 3.9% 8.7%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 4.6% 9.3%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 4.8% 10.7%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.2% 12.0%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 5.1% 13.5%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 5.7% 13.9%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 5.3% 14.4%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 5.2% 12.4%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 5.2% 11.4%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 4.6% 10.3%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 4.1% 8.9%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 4.4% 9.9%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 4.2% 10.1%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 3.7% 9.6%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.0% 10.6%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 3.8% 10.1%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 3.8% 9.8%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 3.5% 7.9%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 3.6% 8.7%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 3.7% 9.4%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 4.1% 10.1%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 5.4% 13.2%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 5.6% 15.5%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 6.4% 16.6%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 6.3% 17.8%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 6.5% 17.3%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 6.3% 15.5%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 6.0% 15.3%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 6.6% 18.6%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 7.5% 20.5%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 8.1% 23.8%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 9.4% 25.9%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 10.2% 24.9%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 11.7% 26.6%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 12.3% 28.3%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 13.3% 32.4%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 14.8% 35.2%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 16.0% 39.3%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 16.4% 40.4%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 16.5% 40.3%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 15.8% 37.2%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 16.1% 36.8%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 16.3% 35.4%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 16.5% 34.4%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 16.4% 35.1%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 15.3% 32.7%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 14.7% 31.6%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 13.2% 30.5%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 13.0% 29.5%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 12.8% 28.1%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 13.1% 29.1%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 13.0% 28.1%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 12.4% 26.2%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 11.4% 26.5%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 10.4% 25.0%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 10.3% 23.1%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 9.4% 22.4%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Czech Republic,
ages 15 to 74
Czech Republic,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 9.2% 17.3%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 8.9% 16.7%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 8.6% 16.8%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 8.4% 17.3%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 8.2% 16.8%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 8.1% 16.1%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 8.2% 16.8%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 7.9% 16.4%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 7.5% 16.4%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 7.2% 15.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 7.2% 16.3%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 7.3% 15.7%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 7.4% 16.8%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 7.7% 16.7%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.0% 17.9%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.2% 19.1%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 8.4% 19.9%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 8.3% 20.1%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.3% 20.6%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.3% 21.3%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 8.1% 20.5%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 7.9% 18.7%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 7.8% 18.2%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.9% 19.1%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 7.7% 19.3%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 7.3% 17.9%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 7.0% 17.4%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 6.6% 15.2%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 5.8% 12.1%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 5.5% 11.5%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 5.1% 9.9%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 4.9% 9.4%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 4.5% 10.2%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 4.4% 10.0%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 4.2% 9.5%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 4.4% 10.0%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 5.6% 13.0%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 6.5% 15.7%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 7.3% 17.8%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 7.4% 20.0%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 7.7% 19.7%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 7.3% 18.8%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 7.1% 17.8%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 7.0% 17.2%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 6.9% 17.4%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 6.9% 18.9%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 6.6% 17.9%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 6.5% 18.2%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 6.8% 19.3%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 6.9% 19.8%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 7.0% 19.0%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 7.2% 19.6%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 7.2% 19.4%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 7.0% 18.6%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 6.9% 18.8%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 6.8% 19.0%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 6.5% 16.8%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 6.2% 16.5%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 5.9% 15.5%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 5.8% 14.4%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 5.8% 14.3%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 5.1% 13.3%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 4.8% 12.0%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 4.5% 10.9%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 4.2% 10.0%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 4.1% 11.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 4.0% 10.5%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 3.6% 10.1%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 3.3% 9.0%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 3.1% 9.6%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 2.7% 7.6%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 2.4% 5.7%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 2.3% 6.9%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Denmark,
ages 15 to 74
Denmark,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 4.7% 7.0%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 4.4% 6.5%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 4.1% 6.1%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 4.1% 5.4%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 4.3% 6.7%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 4.3% 8.4%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 4.6% 8.9%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 4.7% 8.9%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 4.4% 7.6%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 4.4% 6.7%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 4.9% 7.5%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 4.8% 8.2%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 5.0% 9.9%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 5.5% 9.4%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.4% 9.3%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.8% 8.4%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 5.6% 8.7%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 5.4% 8.2%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.6% 7.7%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.4% 7.9%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 5.3% 8.0%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 5.1% 8.8%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 4.7% 8.8%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 4.2% 8.6%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 4.2% 8.8%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 4.1% 8.1%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 3.7% 6.9%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 3.7% 7.2%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 3.9% 7.2%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 3.6% 7.1%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.0% 8.3%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 3.6% 6.8%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 3.2% 7.5%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 3.2% 7.8%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 3.4% 8.2%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 4.0% 8.9%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 4.9% 10.2%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 5.8% 11.8%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 6.3% 11.8%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 7.0% 13.5%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 7.3% 14.0%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 7.6% 13.4%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 7.4% 13.8%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 7.6% 14.4%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 7.5% 13.9%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 7.4% 14.2%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 7.6% 14.7%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 7.7% 14.3%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 7.6% 14.8%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 7.8% 14.6%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 7.5% 13.2%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 7.3% 13.5%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 7.2% 13.1%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 6.9% 12.6%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 7.0% 12.9%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 7.0% 13.3%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 6.8% 13.7%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 6.4% 12.6%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 6.5% 12.2%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 6.3% 11.4%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 6.3% 10.7%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 6.3% 10.8%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 6.1% 11.1%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 6.0% 10.8%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 6.0% 11.3%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.2% 11.7%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 6.3% 12.2%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 6.3% 12.8%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 6.1% 12.0%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 5.7% 10.9%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 5.7% 11.3%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 5.4% 9.9%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 5.0% 9.7%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Estonia,
ages 15 to 74
Estonia,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 13.9% 23.9%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 14.2% 23.5%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 14.1% 23.1%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 14.3% 24.6%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 14.1% 24.8%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 13.6% 23.5%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 12.8% 20.7%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 11.7% 19.1%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 11.5% 18.5%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 10.8% 18.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 11.3% 17.6%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 11.7% 18.5%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 11.2% 20.4%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 11.0% 23.5%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.9% 21.9%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.7% 20.6%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 10.1% 26.9%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 9.7% 22.3%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.2% 22.1%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 9.7% 19.3%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 9.0% 14.6%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 8.1% 15.9%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 7.7% 15.3%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.2% 14.2%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 6.4% 14.3%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 6.2% 12.6%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 5.8% 11.8%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 5.4% 11.7%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 5.0% 10.9%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 4.8% 10.0%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.1% 8.9%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 4.1% 8.4%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 4.3% 8.2%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 4.2% 8.8%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 6.5% 14.7%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.1% 18.4%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 10.7% 22.3%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 12.9% 26.6%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 14.7% 30.4%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 16.1% 30.8%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 18.6% 37.5%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 18.0% 36.8%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 15.9% 31.0%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 14.4% 25.5%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 13.9% 19.6%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 12.9% 21.1%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 11.5% 25.1%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 11.4% 23.8%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 10.8% 21.5%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 10.0% 23.4%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 9.9% 21.3%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 9.4% 18.0%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 9.3% 19.6%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 8.0% 16.2%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 8.3% 16.9%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 8.7% 18.9%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 8.0% 17.3%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 7.1% 16.3%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 7.7% 14.0%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 6.7% 14.2%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 6.2% 12.5%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 6.4% 10.7%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 5.8% 13.0%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 6.5% 17.1%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 6.2% 13.6%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.5% 13.1%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 7.5% 14.2%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 6.8% 13.4%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 5.3% 13.3%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 6.5% 15.5%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 6.0% 12.1%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 5.5% 7.9%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 6.0% 9.0%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Finland,
ages 15 to 74
Finland,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 10.2% 22.0%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 9.8% 21.4%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 9.6% 20.9%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 9.4% 20.4%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 9.2% 20.2%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 9.2% 20.1%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 9.2% 20.2%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 9.1% 20.5%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 9.1% 20.9%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 9.1% 20.8%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 9.1% 20.6%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 9.0% 20.8%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 8.9% 21.0%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 9.1% 21.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.0% 21.5%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.0% 21.9%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 9.0% 21.6%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 9.0% 21.1%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.7% 20.7%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.7% 20.8%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 8.6% 20.5%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 8.4% 20.3%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 8.2% 20.0%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 8.1% 19.3%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 8.0% 19.2%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 7.8% 19.1%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 7.6% 18.4%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 7.3% 17.7%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 7.1% 17.3%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 6.9% 16.7%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 6.8% 16.3%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 6.6% 16.0%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 6.4% 16.0%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 6.3% 16.4%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 6.4% 17.2%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 6.7% 17.6%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 7.3% 18.3%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 8.0% 19.8%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 8.4% 21.2%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 8.6% 21.7%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 8.6% 21.7%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 8.4% 21.3%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 8.3% 21.0%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 8.1% 20.7%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 8.0% 20.3%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 7.8% 20.1%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 7.8% 20.1%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 7.7% 20.1%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 7.6% 19.5%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 7.7% 18.9%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 7.9% 19.0%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 7.9% 19.3%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 8.0% 19.7%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 8.0% 19.9%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 8.2% 20.2%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 8.3% 20.0%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 8.4% 20.3%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 8.6% 20.3%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 8.8% 20.8%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 9.0% 21.3%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 9.1% 21.8%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 9.3% 22.2%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 9.4% 22.0%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 9.3% 21.7%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 9.1% 21.4%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 8.9% 20.8%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 8.7% 20.3%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 8.7% 20.2%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 8.7% 20.2%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 8.7% 20.2%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 8.5% 19.6%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 8.4% 18.9%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 8.1% 18.5%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
France,
ages 15 to 74
France,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 9.6% 18.0%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 9.3% 17.1%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 9.0% 16.5%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 8.8% 16.0%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 8.6% 15.8%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 8.5% 15.8%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 8.4% 16.1%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 8.4% 16.4%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 8.2% 16.5%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 8.2% 16.7%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 8.3% 17.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 8.4% 17.5%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 8.3% 17.9%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 8.4% 18.7%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.5% 19.1%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.8% 19.8%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 8.8% 20.2%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 8.8% 20.4%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.8% 20.4%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.9% 20.5%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 8.7% 20.6%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 8.8% 20.6%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 8.9% 21.4%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 9.1% 21.6%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 9.1% 22.2%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 9.0% 22.3%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 8.8% 21.9%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 8.5% 21.5%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 8.4% 20.8%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 8.1% 19.8%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 7.9% 18.9%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 7.5% 18.3%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 7.3% 17.9%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 7.3% 18.6%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 7.5% 19.5%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 7.8% 20.8%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 8.5% 22.4%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 9.1% 23.4%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 9.2% 23.8%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 9.5% 24.2%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 9.3% 23.3%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 9.4% 23.8%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 9.2% 23.4%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 9.1% 22.6%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 9.1% 23.3%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 9.1% 22.7%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 9.2% 21.8%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 9.4% 22.8%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 9.5% 23.0%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 9.6% 23.6%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 9.8% 24.5%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 10.2% 26.2%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.3% 25.7%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.4% 25.3%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 10.3% 24.6%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 10.2% 24.1%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 10.3% 23.8%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 10.2% 23.9%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 10.3% 24.3%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 10.4% 24.8%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 10.4% 24.8%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 10.5% 24.6%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 10.4% 24.7%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 10.2% 24.5%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 10.2% 24.8%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 10.1% 24.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 10.0% 25.2%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 10.0% 23.9%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 9.6% 22.6%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 9.5% 23.1%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 9.5% 22.2%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 9.1% 21.4%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 9.2% 21.5%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Germany,
ages 15 to 74
Germany,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 8.1% 8.9%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 8.0% 8.8%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 7.9% 8.6%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 7.8% 8.3%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 7.7% 8.1%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 7.7% 8.0%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 7.8% 8.4%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 8.0% 8.8%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 8.2% 9.2%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 8.4% 9.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 8.7% 10.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 9.1% 10.4%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 9.5% 11.0%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 9.7% 11.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.8% 11.6%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.8% 11.9%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 10.1% 13.3%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 10.3% 14.4%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.4% 14.4%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.6% 14.5%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 10.9% 14.9%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 11.2% 15.8%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 11.2% 15.3%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 10.8% 14.6%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 10.5% 14.1%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 10.2% 13.7%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 9.9% 13.5%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 9.6% 13.0%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 9.0% 12.3%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 8.6% 11.8%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 8.4% 11.5%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 8.2% 11.3%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 7.8% 10.9%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 7.5% 10.3%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 7.1% 10.0%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 7.1% 10.3%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 7.5% 10.9%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 7.8% 11.4%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 7.8% 11.4%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 7.6% 11.2%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 7.3% 10.7%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 7.0% 10.0%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 6.8% 9.4%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 6.6% 9.1%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 6.2% 8.9%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 5.9% 8.6%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 5.7% 8.4%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 5.6% 8.2%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 5.4% 8.1%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 5.4% 8.1%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 5.3% 8.0%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 5.3% 7.9%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 5.4% 7.7%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 5.3% 7.7%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 5.2% 7.9%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 5.1% 8.0%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 5.1% 7.9%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 5.0% 7.8%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 5.0% 7.6%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 4.9% 7.4%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 4.8% 7.2%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 4.7% 7.1%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 4.6% 7.0%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 4.5% 7.1%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 4.3% 7.2%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 4.2% 7.2%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 4.1% 7.0%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 3.9% 6.8%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 3.9% 6.7%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 3.8% 6.6%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 3.7% 6.6%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 3.6% 6.4%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 3.5% 6.3%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Greece,
ages 15 to 74
Greece,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 11.6% 29.8%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 11.5% 29.5%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 11.2% 29.2%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 10.6% 27.9%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 10.5% 28.0%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 10.7% 28.2%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 10.6% 27.7%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 10.9% 28.2%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 10.7% 27.8%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 10.3% 26.8%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 10.2% 26.6%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 10.0% 26.1%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 9.7% 26.0%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 9.7% 26.5%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.7% 27.5%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 9.9% 27.4%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 10.9% 27.8%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 10.6% 26.3%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.5% 25.6%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.4% 26.0%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 10.1% 25.2%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 10.0% 25.2%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 10.1% 26.3%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 9.8% 26.2%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 9.4% 25.0%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 9.1% 24.6%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 8.7% 24.4%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 8.8% 25.7%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 8.8% 24.7%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 8.4% 22.0%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 8.3% 22.2%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 8.1% 21.7%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 8.0% 22.7%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 7.6% 20.9%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 7.6% 21.6%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.0% 22.5%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 9.1% 24.9%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 9.3% 24.8%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 9.8% 25.5%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 10.4% 28.1%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 11.3% 29.9%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 12.2% 31.4%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 13.0% 33.2%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 14.3% 36.7%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 15.5% 39.7%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 16.9% 43.2%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 18.5% 45.8%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 20.7% 49.7%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 22.2% 52.4%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 24.1% 54.2%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 25.6% 57.1%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 26.2% 58.2%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 27.0% 59.6%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 27.7% 59.5%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 27.7% 57.8%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 27.6% 56.7%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 27.2% 56.3%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 26.9% 52.5%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 26.2% 50.4%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 25.9% 51.3%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 25.8% 51.2%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 25.0% 49.8%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 24.7% 49.2%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 24.3% 49.0%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 24.1% 50.2%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 23.5% 48.6%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 23.3% 44.8%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 23.3% 45.7%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 22.6% 46.2%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 21.5% 43.8%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 20.9% 40.8%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 21.0% 43.2%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 20.5% 43.8%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Hungary,
ages 15 to 74
Hungary,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 6.6% 12.4%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 6.4% 12.2%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 6.1% 11.7%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 5.9% 11.2%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 5.7% 11.0%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 5.6% 11.0%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 5.5% 11.0%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 5.5% 11.1%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 5.5% 11.5%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 5.5% 11.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 5.6% 12.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 5.7% 12.8%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 5.7% 12.8%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 5.8% 13.1%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.7% 13.3%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.7% 13.4%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 5.8% 13.8%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 5.9% 15.1%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 6.2% 15.9%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 6.4% 17.3%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 6.8% 18.7%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 7.2% 19.8%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 7.4% 19.7%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.4% 19.2%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 7.4% 18.7%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 7.4% 18.3%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 7.6% 19.6%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 7.5% 19.5%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 7.2% 17.9%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 7.2% 17.1%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 7.4% 17.9%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 7.8% 19.6%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 7.6% 19.3%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 7.6% 19.3%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 7.8% 19.5%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.2% 20.3%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 9.2% 24.0%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 9.8% 25.8%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 10.4% 26.9%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 10.7% 28.0%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 11.2% 27.0%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 11.3% 26.9%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 11.1% 26.4%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 11.1% 25.7%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 11.2% 25.9%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 11.0% 25.1%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 11.0% 25.9%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 11.0% 27.0%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 11.3% 27.9%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 11.1% 28.5%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 10.7% 28.9%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 10.9% 28.2%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.9% 28.0%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.3% 26.7%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 10.1% 26.5%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 9.2% 24.2%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 7.9% 20.9%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 8.1% 21.3%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 7.5% 20.7%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 7.3% 19.0%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 7.4% 19.0%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 7.0% 18.2%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 6.6% 16.6%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 6.3% 15.0%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 5.7% 14.2%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 5.2% 13.7%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 4.9% 12.2%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 4.5% 11.6%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 4.3% 10.6%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 4.3% 11.3%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 4.1% 10.7%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 3.9% 10.5%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 3.7% 10.4%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Ireland,
ages 15 to 74
Ireland,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 4.9% 7.4%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 4.7% 7.2%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 4.4% 6.8%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 4.0% 6.3%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 4.0% 6.5%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 4.0% 6.9%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 4.4% 7.7%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 4.4% 7.9%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 4.5% 8.3%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 4.6% 8.5%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 4.5% 8.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 5.3% 9.5%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 4.8% 8.9%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 4.8% 8.7%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.0% 9.1%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 4.7% 8.7%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 5.1% 9.2%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 4.7% 8.6%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 4.5% 8.8%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 4.7% 8.7%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 4.4% 8.3%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 4.9% 8.9%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 4.7% 8.9%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 4.5% 8.6%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 4.7% 9.0%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 4.8% 9.1%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 5.0% 8.8%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 4.6% 8.0%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 4.9% 8.9%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 5.0% 9.4%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.9% 8.9%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 5.2% 9.4%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 5.4% 10.3%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 5.9% 11.5%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 7.4% 15.0%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.5% 17.3%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 10.9% 20.4%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 12.6% 24.2%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 13.3% 25.9%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 13.8% 27.4%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 13.8% 27.4%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 14.3% 27.0%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 14.6% 27.9%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 15.6% 30.5%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 15.1% 29.3%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 15.0% 28.5%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 15.6% 30.0%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 15.9% 30.9%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 15.9% 31.4%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 15.5% 31.4%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 15.5% 31.1%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 15.0% 29.3%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 14.5% 28.0%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 14.4% 27.6%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 13.4% 26.1%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 12.9% 25.3%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 12.8% 25.8%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 12.2% 24.8%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 11.7% 22.4%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 10.9% 20.8%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 10.6% 22.0%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 10.1% 20.2%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 9.6% 19.5%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 9.4% 19.3%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 8.9% 17.4%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 8.9% 17.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 8.3% 16.5%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 7.5% 15.8%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 7.2% 13.8%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 6.7% 15.2%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 6.7% 15.2%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 6.4% 13.1%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 5.8% 13.4%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Italy,
ages 15 to 74
Italy,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 10.6% 27.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 10.3% 27.6%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 10.0% 27.1%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 9.6% 25.7%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 9.4% 24.6%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 9.1% 24.0%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 9.0% 24.2%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 8.9% 23.5%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 8.5% 23.3%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 8.8% 23.1%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 8.6% 23.1%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 8.4% 22.7%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 8.7% 24.2%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 8.5% 24.8%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.4% 23.3%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.2% 22.2%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 8.2% 23.3%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 8.0% 23.8%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 7.8% 22.8%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 7.9% 24.1%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 7.8% 24.1%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 7.8% 23.7%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 7.6% 24.7%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.6% 23.5%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 7.3% 23.4%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 6.9% 22.1%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 6.6% 20.4%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 6.4% 20.8%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 6.1% 20.2%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 6.0% 19.8%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 6.2% 20.4%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 6.3% 21.1%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 6.6% 20.4%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 6.8% 21.2%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 6.7% 21.4%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 6.9% 22.7%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 7.3% 24.0%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 7.5% 24.5%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 8.0% 26.1%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 8.2% 26.5%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 8.4% 27.0%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 8.5% 28.3%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 8.2% 27.7%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 8.2% 28.1%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 8.0% 27.6%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 8.0% 28.6%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 8.5% 30.0%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 9.2% 30.9%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 10.0% 33.2%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 10.6% 35.0%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 10.8% 35.6%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 11.3% 37.5%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 11.8% 39.0%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 12.1% 39.0%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 12.2% 40.5%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 12.3% 42.0%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 12.8% 43.2%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 12.4% 42.6%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 12.6% 42.7%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 12.8% 41.9%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 12.4% 42.0%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 12.2% 41.6%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 11.5% 39.2%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 11.5% 38.4%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 11.6% 38.5%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 11.6% 36.9%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 11.7% 37.4%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 11.8% 38.1%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 11.5% 36.1%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 11.2% 35.5%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 11.2% 34.6%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 11.0% 33.6%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 11.0% 32.5%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Latvia,
ages 15 to 74
Latvia,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 14.3% 22.6%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 14.4% 22.0%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 14.4% 22.6%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 14.4% 23.3%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 13.8% 22.4%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 13.1% 22.2%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 13.1% 22.1%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 13.8% 23.5%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 12.6% 18.3%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 13.6% 23.0%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 11.5% 19.6%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 12.3% 20.8%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 11.3% 20.0%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 11.8% 17.9%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 12.4% 21.8%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 11.1% 18.7%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 11.8% 20.3%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 11.4% 18.7%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 11.8% 20.5%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 11.9% 19.9%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 11.1% 16.9%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 10.1% 17.8%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 10.0% 12.1%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 8.8% 13.4%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 8.2% 14.2%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 6.9% 17.2%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 6.4% 10.6%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 6.5% 12.5%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 6.7% 11.5%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 6.1% 10.6%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 5.9% 12.1%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 5.5% 8.1%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 6.4% 10.5%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 6.5% 10.5%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 7.7% 12.9%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 10.5% 21.6%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 13.6% 28.7%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 17.2% 29.5%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 19.4% 35.7%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 20.2% 39.2%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 20.4% 40.3%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 20.4% 36.0%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 19.1% 34.8%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 18.0% 33.3%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 16.9% 31.9%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 17.0% 33.2%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 15.5% 30.3%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 15.3% 28.8%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 15.7% 29.9%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 16.2% 30.4%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 13.9% 30.6%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 14.2% 23.0%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 12.5% 23.6%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 11.5% 20.1%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 11.9% 25.9%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 11.4% 22.4%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 11.5% 19.3%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 10.7% 21.1%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 10.8% 19.9%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 10.4% 18.1%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 9.9% 15.9%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 9.8% 15.2%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 9.9% 14.8%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 9.9% 19.4%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 9.9% 15.8%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 9.6% 19.1%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 9.7% 18.0%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 9.4% 16.6%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 9.0% 17.8%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 8.9% 16.6%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 8.6% 16.1%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 8.3% 17.6%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 7.9% 14.9%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Lithuania,
ages 15 to 74
Lithuania,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 15.6% 29.1%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 16.5% 29.3%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 17.0% 31.2%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 16.6% 30.7%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 17.7% 31.0%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 17.5% 32.4%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 16.8% 30.3%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 17.5% 30.7%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 15.9% 24.7%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 13.5% 22.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 12.9% 23.1%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 12.8% 21.5%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 12.5% 21.3%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 13.0% 28.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 12.4% 25.4%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 11.8% 24.1%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 11.4% 22.8%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 10.9% 21.6%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.8% 21.9%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.5% 20.8%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 9.5% 18.7%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 9.0% 17.3%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 7.7% 13.8%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.0% 13.3%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 6.4% 11.1%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 5.8% 10.4%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 5.8% 10.1%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 5.1% 8.4%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 4.4% 9.1%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 4.3% 7.9%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.2% 8.0%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 4.1% 8.6%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 4.2% 9.1%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 4.4% 10.8%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 6.4% 14.5%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.3% 18.8%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 10.7% 23.7%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 13.3% 29.4%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 14.9% 32.0%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 16.3% 33.7%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 17.3% 36.0%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 18.2% 35.5%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 18.2% 36.0%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 17.6% 35.3%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 16.8% 33.3%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 15.8% 34.8%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 15.3% 31.7%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 13.7% 30.3%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 14.0% 29.8%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 13.5% 26.6%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 13.1% 26.0%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 13.0% 24.5%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 12.1% 20.6%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 11.7% 20.8%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 11.7% 24.0%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 11.7% 22.1%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 11.3% 19.2%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 11.0% 20.7%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 10.2% 18.4%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 10.4% 18.7%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 9.3% 19.0%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 9.3% 16.6%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 9.2% 15.7%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 8.8% 13.8%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 8.1% 14.1%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 8.0% 15.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 7.8% 13.6%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 7.7% 14.8%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 7.7% 14.0%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 7.2% 13.2%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 6.8% 12.7%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 6.8% 13.1%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 6.4% 12.4%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Luxembourg,
ages 15 to 74
Luxembourg,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 2.3% 6.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 2.3% 6.2%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 2.3% 6.4%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 2.0% 6.3%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 1.9% 6.3%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 1.9% 6.2%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 1.9% 6.3%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 2.0% 5.9%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 2.1% 6.2%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 2.4% 6.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 2.7% 7.3%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 3.0% 8.2%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 3.3% 9.3%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 3.6% 10.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 4.0% 11.7%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 4.3% 13.3%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 4.7% 15.0%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 5.0% 16.5%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.1% 16.9%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.0% 16.1%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 4.7% 15.0%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 4.7% 14.7%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 4.6% 14.1%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 4.6% 15.1%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 4.6% 14.7%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 4.5% 15.2%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 4.6% 15.9%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 4.6% 16.0%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 4.4% 15.8%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 4.1% 15.5%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.0% 15.6%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 4.2% 15.4%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 4.4% 15.5%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 4.8% 17.3%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 5.1% 18.0%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 5.2% 18.6%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 5.4% 18.4%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 5.3% 17.9%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 5.1% 16.2%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 4.9% 15.9%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 4.6% 16.2%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 4.5% 15.0%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 4.4% 14.2%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 4.7% 15.0%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 4.7% 14.6%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 4.8% 15.4%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 5.0% 17.9%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 4.8% 17.9%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 5.0% 18.3%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 5.1% 18.6%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 5.1% 18.3%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 5.3% 18.4%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 5.6% 18.5%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 5.8% 17.2%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 6.0% 15.4%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 6.0% 15.6%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 6.0% 18.1%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 6.0% 21.6%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 6.0% 22.6%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 6.1% 21.5%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 6.3% 18.4%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 6.5% 17.0%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 6.5% 17.3%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 6.5% 17.7%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 6.4% 18.9%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.3% 19.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 6.3% 18.5%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 6.2% 18.3%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 5.9% 16.8%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 5.6% 15.7%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 5.5% 15.2%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 5.3% 14.1%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 5.3% 14.0%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Malta,
ages 15 to 74
Malta,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 6.9% 13.4%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 6.7% 13.2%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 6.6% 13.4%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 6.7% 14.6%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 7.2% 17.0%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 7.7% 19.1%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 7.8% 19.5%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 7.9% 19.7%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 7.7% 17.8%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 6.9% 14.9%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 6.6% 12.4%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 6.8% 14.0%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 6.7% 12.9%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 7.3% 16.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.4% 19.2%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 7.9% 17.2%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 7.3% 16.7%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 7.1% 17.2%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 7.5% 17.1%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 6.9% 15.2%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 6.9% 15.5%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 7.2% 15.7%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 6.6% 16.2%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.0% 17.1%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 7.3% 16.0%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 7.0% 15.2%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 6.7% 15.9%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 6.2% 14.8%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 7.2% 15.5%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 6.4% 13.2%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 6.3% 13.7%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 6.0% 11.7%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 6.0% 12.2%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 5.8% 10.5%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 6.0% 11.9%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 6.1% 12.2%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 6.5% 13.1%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 7.0% 14.9%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 6.9% 14.0%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 7.1% 15.9%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 7.1% 13.4%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 6.7% 14.1%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 6.7% 10.6%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 7.0% 14.7%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 6.6% 14.6%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 6.6% 13.4%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 6.0% 12.4%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 6.3% 13.0%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 6.4% 13.9%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 6.4% 14.9%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 6.3% 14.5%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 6.1% 13.0%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 6.1% 12.1%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 6.7% 14.7%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 6.5% 13.3%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 6.4% 11.9%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 6.0% 13.9%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 5.8% 11.6%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 5.9% 12.1%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 5.6% 9.3%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 5.7% 10.1%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 5.4% 12.3%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 5.3% 13.5%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 5.3% 11.1%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 4.9% 9.5%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 4.8% 9.8%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 4.8% 12.4%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 4.3% 12.2%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 4.6% 12.2%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 4.6% 11.2%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 4.6% 10.2%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 4.6% 11.6%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 4.4% 8.4%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Netherlands,
ages 15 to 74
Netherlands,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 3.9% 8.7%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 3.7% 8.4%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 3.6% 8.0%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 3.4% 7.6%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 3.2% 7.1%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 3.1% 6.7%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 3.1% 6.6%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 3.1% 6.6%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 3.3% 6.8%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 3.5% 7.1%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 3.8% 7.6%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 4.1% 8.2%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 4.4% 9.2%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 4.7% 9.9%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.0% 10.3%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.3% 10.2%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 5.5% 10.9%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 5.8% 11.6%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.7% 11.5%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 5.8% 11.7%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 6.0% 12.0%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 6.0% 12.1%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 5.9% 11.9%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 5.8% 11.5%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 5.4% 11.0%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 5.1% 9.9%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 4.8% 9.6%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 4.7% 9.5%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 4.4% 9.5%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 4.1% 9.4%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.1% 9.7%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 3.9% 8.9%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 3.7% 8.5%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 3.7% 8.7%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 3.6% 8.5%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 3.6% 8.5%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 3.8% 9.1%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 4.2% 9.9%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 4.6% 10.6%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 4.9% 11.2%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 5.1% 11.4%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 5.0% 11.2%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 5.0% 11.0%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 4.9% 10.8%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 4.9% 9.9%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 4.7% 9.3%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 5.0% 10.0%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 5.3% 10.6%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 5.5% 11.5%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 5.7% 11.5%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 5.9% 11.7%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 6.2% 12.1%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 6.8% 12.5%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 7.1% 12.8%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 7.5% 13.6%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 7.6% 13.8%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 7.8% 13.6%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 7.6% 13.0%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 7.2% 12.4%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 7.2% 11.9%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 7.1% 11.2%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 6.9% 11.0%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 6.8% 11.4%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 6.7% 11.3%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 6.5% 11.3%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.3% 11.1%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 5.8% 10.6%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 5.5% 10.3%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 5.2% 9.7%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 5.0% 9.1%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 4.7% 8.7%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 4.4% 7.9%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 4.1% 7.2%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Poland,
ages 15 to 74
Poland,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 15.8% 35.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 16.2% 35.6%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 16.0% 34.3%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 16.5% 34.9%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 17.4% 36.8%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 18.3% 39.2%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 18.5% 40.4%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 19.0% 41.6%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 19.5% 41.3%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 20.0% 41.8%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 20.4% 42.9%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 20.3% 44.0%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 19.8% 42.5%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 19.6% 41.7%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 19.9% 42.2%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 19.8% 41.3%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 19.9% 41.5%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 19.3% 40.4%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 18.9% 38.9%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 18.4% 37.5%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 18.2% 37.9%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 18.4% 38.9%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 18.0% 36.1%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 17.1% 34.6%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 15.5% 33.0%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 14.4% 30.6%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 13.5% 28.5%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 12.4% 27.0%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 10.8% 24.4%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 9.8% 22.3%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 9.3% 21.0%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 8.6% 18.7%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 7.5% 17.8%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 7.2% 17.6%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 6.8% 16.3%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 6.8% 17.2%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 7.6% 18.1%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 7.9% 19.7%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 8.3% 22.1%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 8.7% 22.6%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 9.7% 23.1%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 9.7% 24.0%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 9.6% 24.1%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 9.5% 23.6%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 9.4% 25.1%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 9.6% 25.6%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 9.7% 26.0%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 9.9% 26.4%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 9.9% 26.2%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 10.0% 26.3%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 10.3% 26.3%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 10.4% 27.3%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.5% 27.8%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.5% 27.2%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 10.3% 27.1%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 10.1% 27.1%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 9.8% 26.0%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 9.2% 24.3%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 8.6% 23.3%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 8.3% 21.7%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 8.0% 22.3%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 7.6% 21.0%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 7.3% 19.8%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 7.0% 19.9%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 6.7% 19.1%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.3% 18.0%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 6.0% 17.9%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 5.6% 15.6%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 5.2% 14.9%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 5.1% 15.7%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 4.8% 14.5%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 4.5% 14.2%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 4.0% 11.5%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Portugal,
ages 15 to 74
Portugal,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 5.3% 13.1%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 5.1% 12.8%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 5.1% 12.4%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 4.8% 12.1%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 5.1% 13.0%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 5.2% 13.7%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 5.2% 12.9%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 5.1% 13.7%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 5.3% 14.1%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 5.9% 15.3%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 6.2% 16.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 7.1% 16.9%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 7.3% 17.6%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 7.6% 18.7%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 7.4% 19.0%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 7.5% 19.5%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 7.3% 19.3%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 7.7% 19.5%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.1% 20.4%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.1% 19.8%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 8.4% 20.1%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 8.6% 21.1%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 9.0% 21.2%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 9.0% 20.5%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 8.7% 20.0%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 8.7% 20.7%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 8.8% 21.7%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 9.2% 22.1%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 9.3% 22.3%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 9.3% 21.5%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 9.1% 21.0%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 8.9% 21.2%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 8.5% 20.9%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 8.6% 20.6%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 8.9% 22.2%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.9% 22.6%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 9.7% 24.4%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 10.5% 25.2%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 11.2% 24.8%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 11.2% 26.8%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 11.5% 27.4%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 12.1% 27.3%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 12.4% 29.3%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 12.2% 27.8%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 12.2% 27.1%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 12.5% 28.6%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 12.8% 30.7%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 13.9% 34.5%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 14.6% 35.3%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 15.5% 37.1%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 16.2% 39.8%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 16.9% 39.6%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 17.3% 41.3%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 17.0% 38.9%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 16.0% 37.1%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 15.4% 35.2%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 14.9% 36.4%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 14.4% 37.0%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 13.6% 32.8%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 13.5% 33.1%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 13.5% 33.4%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 12.4% 31.2%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 12.3% 31.3%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 12.2% 31.9%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 12.2% 30.1%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 11.3% 28.2%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 10.9% 26.7%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 10.5% 27.0%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 9.9% 24.3%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 9.2% 23.8%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 8.8% 24.6%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 8.1% 22.8%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 7.6% 21.1%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Romania,
ages 15 to 74
Romania,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 7.4% 15.8%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 7.6% 16.7%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 7.8% 16.8%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 7.7% 16.6%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 7.4% 16.0%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 7.2% 16.5%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 7.3% 17.4%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 7.8% 18.1%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 8.6% 19.1%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 8.7% 20.4%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 8.5% 21.1%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 7.6% 18.8%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 7.6% 18.0%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 7.7% 18.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 7.6% 17.7%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 8.1% 19.7%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 8.1% 19.5%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 7.8% 21.2%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 8.0% 20.4%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 7.9% 20.5%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 7.9% 20.5%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 7.3% 18.3%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 6.5% 18.3%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 6.6% 19.3%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 7.1% 19.7%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 7.0% 19.2%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 7.5% 21.4%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 7.0% 20.2%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 6.6% 19.9%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 6.6% 19.8%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 6.2% 19.3%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 5.9% 17.7%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 5.7% 17.7%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 5.7% 17.7%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 5.4% 18.0%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 5.6% 17.0%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 6.1% 19.6%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 6.1% 19.4%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 6.8% 21.3%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 7.1% 19.2%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 7.3% 21.4%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 6.7% 21.9%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 6.9% 22.7%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 6.9% 22.5%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 6.9% 22.6%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 7.1% 22.9%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 7.3% 24.1%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 7.4% 26.1%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 6.9% 22.8%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 6.8% 22.8%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 6.8% 22.4%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 6.6% 22.2%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 6.9% 23.0%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 7.4% 24.6%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 7.0% 23.5%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 7.0% 23.9%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 6.9% 24.6%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 6.9% 25.3%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 6.8% 23.3%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 6.7% 22.8%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 7.0% 23.4%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 6.9% 22.0%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 6.8% 20.8%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 6.6% 20.4%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 6.3% 20.7%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.0% 21.2%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 5.9% 21.4%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 5.4% 19.2%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 5.2% 19.1%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 4.9% 17.3%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 4.9% 17.8%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 4.7% 19.7%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 4.5% 16.8%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Slovakia,
ages 15 to 74
Slovakia,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 18.5% 36.7%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 19.2% 38.0%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 19.0% 37.1%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 18.9% 37.8%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 19.4% 39.5%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 19.5% 39.8%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 19.5% 39.4%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 19.5% 39.7%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 19.0% 39.2%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 18.9% 38.6%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 18.8% 37.6%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 18.6% 37.0%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 18.0% 35.0%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 17.3% 34.0%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 17.5% 33.8%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 18.0% 32.7%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 18.9% 34.0%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 18.8% 33.9%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 18.0% 32.9%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 17.7% 32.9%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 17.1% 31.7%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 16.6% 29.8%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 16.1% 30.1%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 15.7% 30.0%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 14.7% 29.5%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 13.7% 27.6%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 13.1% 26.5%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 12.4% 23.8%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 11.5% 21.2%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 11.3% 20.3%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 11.4% 20.9%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 10.7% 20.1%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 10.3% 19.4%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 10.1% 19.9%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 9.1% 19.0%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 8.9% 19.2%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 10.2% 22.7%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 11.4% 26.1%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 12.8% 28.6%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 14.1% 31.9%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 14.9% 34.1%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 14.7% 34.2%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 14.3% 33.9%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 13.9% 33.6%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 13.8% 33.6%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 13.7% 34.4%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 13.6% 33.4%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 13.7% 33.7%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 13.8% 33.8%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 13.9% 33.7%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 14.0% 33.8%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 14.3% 34.9%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 14.3% 34.4%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 14.3% 34.4%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 14.2% 32.9%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 14.1% 33.1%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 13.9% 32.4%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 13.5% 31.2%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 13.0% 28.9%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 12.5% 26.8%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 12.2% 26.9%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 11.6% 26.9%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 11.3% 26.7%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 10.8% 25.2%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 10.4% 24.7%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 9.8% 22.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 9.5% 21.7%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 9.0% 20.2%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 8.7% 19.4%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 8.3% 19.3%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 7.9% 18.6%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 7.6% 18.3%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 7.1% 17.9%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Slovenia,
ages 15 to 74
Slovenia,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 6.8% 16.8%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 7.1% 16.8%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 6.8% 16.3%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 6.2% 15.0%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 6.1% 16.4%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 5.9% 16.6%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 6.1% 17.5%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 6.7% 20.2%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 6.6% 16.7%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 6.2% 16.1%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 6.2% 17.4%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 6.3% 16.1%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 6.6% 17.8%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 6.8% 16.6%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 6.8% 18.4%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 6.6% 16.2%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 6.5% 16.6%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 6.3% 15.6%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 6.2% 15.2%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 6.3% 17.3%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 6.4% 16.0%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 6.0% 14.0%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 6.6% 16.9%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.1% 16.7%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 6.5% 16.1%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 6.2% 15.8%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 5.8% 11.9%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 5.5% 11.2%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 5.3% 10.2%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 4.8% 9.0%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 4.6% 9.7%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 4.7% 11.4%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 4.7% 11.4%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 4.4% 10.4%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 4.3% 10.3%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 4.3% 10.0%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 4.9% 12.7%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 5.8% 13.4%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 6.5% 14.4%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 6.4% 13.9%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 6.7% 13.7%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 7.4% 16.7%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 7.4% 14.3%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 7.7% 14.2%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 8.0% 17.3%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 8.0% 14.0%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 8.2% 15.2%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 8.7% 16.2%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 8.1% 17.6%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 8.5% 18.5%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 9.5% 23.4%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 9.5% 22.6%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.4% 21.8%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 10.7% 25.5%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 9.8% 20.5%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 9.7% 18.9%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 10.1% 22.3%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 9.6% 20.2%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 9.6% 20.1%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 9.6% 18.5%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 9.2% 17.9%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 9.5% 16.6%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 8.9% 14.2%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 8.5% 16.6%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 8.4% 16.6%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 8.0% 14.7%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 7.6% 14.9%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 8.1% 14.6%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 7.3% 10.8%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 6.6% 10.8%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 6.5% 11.5%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 5.8% 11.6%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 5.6% 10.1%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Spain,
ages 15 to 74
Spain,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 12.4% 24.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 11.9% 22.5%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 11.8% 23.0%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 11.4% 22.8%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 10.7% 21.2%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 10.5% 20.7%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 10.5% 21.1%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 10.6% 21.3%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 11.2% 21.7%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 11.3% 21.5%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 11.7% 22.5%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 11.6% 23.1%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 11.7% 23.0%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 11.4% 22.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 11.5% 22.6%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 11.4% 22.9%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 11.2% 22.3%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 11.2% 22.4%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 11.0% 22.1%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 10.5% 21.2%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 9.9% 21.3%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 9.4% 20.2%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 8.6% 18.5%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 8.7% 18.5%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 8.8% 18.3%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 8.5% 18.1%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 8.3% 17.4%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 8.3% 17.7%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 8.2% 17.3%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 8.0% 18.1%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 8.2% 18.4%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 8.6% 18.6%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 9.3% 20.5%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 10.4% 23.5%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 11.5% 25.0%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 13.8% 29.0%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 16.7% 34.7%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 17.9% 37.9%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 18.2% 39.6%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 18.7% 38.8%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 19.3% 39.6%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 20.0% 41.4%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 20.0% 41.9%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 20.2% 43.0%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 20.5% 44.2%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 20.7% 45.3%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 21.8% 47.1%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 22.7% 48.4%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 23.5% 50.5%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 24.5% 52.5%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 25.3% 53.5%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 25.9% 54.9%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 26.2% 55.7%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 26.2% 55.6%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 26.2% 55.5%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 25.8% 54.9%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 25.2% 54.5%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 24.6% 52.8%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 24.2% 53.6%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 23.8% 51.8%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 23.1% 50.5%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 22.5% 48.7%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 21.7% 47.9%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 21.0% 46.2%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 20.4% 45.7%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 20.1% 45.9%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 19.4% 43.3%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 18.7% 42.7%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 18.2% 40.9%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 17.3% 39.1%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 16.8% 37.5%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 16.6% 37.0%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 16.2% 35.5%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
Sweden,
ages 15 to 74
Sweden,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 6.0% 10.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 5.8% 11.1%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 5.5% 10.4%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 5.1% 10.1%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 5.8% 14.6%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 5.7% 13.6%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 5.8% 15.4%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 5.9% 16.2%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 5.8% 16.5%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 5.7% 14.8%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 6.1% 16.5%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 6.2% 17.2%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 6.3% 16.5%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 6.3% 16.1%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 6.6% 17.5%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 7.1% 19.2%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 7.3% 20.1%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 7.4% 20.3%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 7.4% 20.3%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 7.4% 21.2%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 7.3% 21.1%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 7.9% 23.6%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 7.7% 23.2%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 7.6% 22.1%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 7.5% 22.6%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 7.3% 22.4%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 6.9% 20.8%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 6.5% 20.1%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 6.4% 19.8%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 6.1% 18.6%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 6.0% 18.7%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 6.1% 19.5%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 5.9% 18.9%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 6.0% 20.6%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 6.2% 20.1%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 6.7% 20.9%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 7.4% 22.4%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 8.4% 24.9%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 8.6% 26.6%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 8.8% 25.8%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 8.9% 26.1%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 8.7% 25.1%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 8.5% 24.3%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 8.1% 23.3%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 7.9% 22.8%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 7.8% 22.8%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 7.6% 22.4%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 7.8% 22.7%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 7.7% 22.6%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 7.9% 23.1%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 8.1% 24.2%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 8.2% 24.3%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 8.1% 24.2%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 8.0% 23.6%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 8.0% 23.2%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 8.0% 22.7%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 8.1% 23.3%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 8.0% 23.5%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 7.8% 22.0%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 7.8% 22.5%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 7.7% 21.3%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 7.6% 21.0%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 7.2% 19.8%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 7.1% 18.9%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 7.2% 19.6%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 6.8% 18.6%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 6.9% 18.5%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 6.9% 18.4%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 6.7% 18.0%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 6.7% 17.5%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 6.8% 18.2%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 6.5% 17.0%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 6.2% 15.9%

Pew Research Center

European Union,
ages 15 to 74
European Union,
ages 15 to 24
United Kingdom,
ages 15 to 74
United Kingdom,
ages 15 to 24
Q1, 2000 9.2% 17.9% 5.7% 12.5%
Q2, 2000 9.0% 17.7% 5.4% 12.2%
Q3, 2000 8.9% 17.5% 5.3% 12.0%
Q4, 2000 8.8% 17.3% 5.1% 11.9%
Q1, 2001 8.7% 17.2% 5.0% 11.6%
Q2, 2001 8.7% 17.3% 4.9% 11.3%
Q3, 2001 8.7% 17.6% 5.0% 11.8%
Q4, 2001 8.9% 17.9% 5.1% 12.1%
Q1, 2002 8.9% 17.9% 5.1% 11.9%
Q2, 2002 9.0% 17.9% 5.2% 11.8%
Q3, 2002 9.1% 18.2% 5.2% 12.0%
Q4, 2002 9.1% 18.3% 5.1% 12.2%
Q1, 2003 9.1% 18.5% 5.1% 12.4%
Q2, 2003 9.2% 18.7% 4.9% 12.3%
Q3, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 5.0% 12.2%
Q4, 2003 9.2% 18.8% 4.8% 11.6%
Q1, 2004 9.3% 19.2% 4.7% 11.6%
Q2, 2004 9.3% 19.3% 4.7% 11.7%
Q3, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 4.6% 12.2%
Q4, 2004 9.2% 19.1% 4.7% 12.4%
Q1, 2005 9.1% 19.1% 4.7% 12.2%
Q2, 2005 9.1% 19.2% 4.7% 12.5%
Q3, 2005 8.9% 18.9% 4.7% 12.8%
Q4, 2005 8.8% 18.7% 5.1% 13.5%
Q1, 2006 8.6% 18.3% 5.2% 13.4%
Q2, 2006 8.3% 17.9% 5.4% 14.0%
Q3, 2006 8.1% 17.4% 5.4% 14.2%
Q4, 2006 7.9% 17.0% 5.4% 14.0%
Q1, 2007 7.5% 16.4% 5.5% 14.5%
Q2, 2007 7.2% 16.0% 5.3% 14.5%
Q3, 2007 7.1% 15.7% 5.2% 14.3%
Q4, 2007 6.9% 15.2% 5.1% 13.7%
Q1, 2008 6.8% 15.2% 5.1% 13.7%
Q2, 2008 6.9% 15.6% 5.3% 14.3%
Q3, 2008 7.0% 16.1% 5.8% 15.4%
Q4, 2008 7.4% 17.1% 6.3% 16.5%
Q1, 2009 8.3% 18.9% 7.0% 18.0%
Q2, 2009 8.9% 20.1% 7.7% 19.3%
Q3, 2009 9.2% 21.0% 7.8% 19.7%
Q4, 2009 9.4% 21.1% 7.7% 19.5%
Q1, 2010 9.7% 21.4% 7.9% 20.3%
Q2, 2010 9.7% 21.5% 7.8% 19.7%
Q3, 2010 9.6% 21.2% 7.7% 19.1%
Q4, 2010 9.6% 21.3% 7.8% 20.6%
Q1, 2011 9.5% 21.3% 7.7% 20.3%
Q2, 2011 9.5% 21.5% 7.9% 20.7%
Q3, 2011 9.7% 21.9% 8.2% 21.8%
Q4, 2011 10.0% 22.4% 8.4% 22.2%
Q1, 2012 10.2% 22.9% 8.2% 22.2%
Q2, 2012 10.4% 23.2% 8.0% 21.5%
Q3, 2012 10.6% 23.3% 7.8% 20.5%
Q4, 2012 10.8% 23.8% 7.8% 20.9%
Q1, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 7.8% 20.7%
Q2, 2013 11.0% 23.9% 7.7% 21.5%
Q3, 2013 10.9% 23.7% 7.5% 20.7%
Q4, 2013 10.7% 23.5% 7.1% 19.9%
Q1, 2014 10.6% 23.2% 6.7% 18.8%
Q2, 2014 10.3% 22.3% 6.3% 16.7%
Q3, 2014 10.1% 21.8% 6.0% 16.3%
Q4, 2014 10.0% 21.4% 5.7% 16.3%
Q1, 2015 9.8% 21.0% 5.5% 15.6%
Q2, 2015 9.6% 20.6% 5.5% 15.4%
Q3, 2015 9.3% 20.0% 5.3% 14.3%
Q4, 2015 9.0% 19.6% 5.0% 13.4%
Q1, 2016 8.8% 19.2% 5.0% 13.3%
Q2, 2016 8.7% 18.9% 4.9% 13.3%
Q3, 2016 8.5% 18.6% 4.8% 13.1%
Q4, 2016 8.2% 18.0% 4.7% 12.4%
Q1, 2017 8.0% 17.3% 4.5% 12.2%
Q2, 2017 7.7% 17.1% 4.4% 12.0%
Q3, 2017 7.5% 16.7% 4.3% 12.1%
Q4, 2017 7.3% 16.2% 4.3% 12.1%
Q1, 2018 7.1% 15.6% 4.2% 11.7%

Pew Research Center