Jul. 23, 2009

Chapter 4. Rating European Leaders

None of the European leaders tested in this survey achieve the high levels of praise that are bestowed upon the new U.S. President Barack Obama. Even German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who receives positive marks throughout much of Western Europe, does not match Obama’s high levels of support. In contrast to Merkel, French President Nicolas Sarkozy […]

Jul. 23, 2009

Confidence in Obama Lifts U.S. Image Around the World

The image of the United States has improved markedly in most parts of the world reflecting global confidence in Barack Obama. In many countries, opinions of the U.S. are now about as positive as they were at the beginning of the decade before George W. Bush took office.

Jul. 23, 2009

Chapter 5. Views On Trade And Globalization

While most countries around the world are struggling with an economic downturn, this has not led to a backlash against global trade. In fact, as has been observed in recent American polls, this year there is, if anything, more support for trade than there was in 2008. Most publics continue to see trade as beneficial […]

Jul. 23, 2009

Chapter 6. Views on Economic Issues

One year after the global economy descended into recession, publics worldwide remain dissatisfied with the way things are going in their country and with their nation’s economic conditions. Many publics are even more discontented than they were in 2008, notably in Britain, Germany, Spain, Poland and Russia. China and India are exceptions to these trends; […]

Jul. 23, 2009

Chapter 7. Global Publics View Their Lives

Despite continuing unease with global and national conditions, personal contentment remains widespread and strong. In fact, majorities in nearly all countries surveyed judge their overall life favorably. In most countries, majorities are also satisfied with their family lives, jobs and incomes. Even as many publics overwhelmingly rate their economies poorly, and rising numbers report that […]

Jul. 23, 2009

Chapter 8. Attitudes Toward Extremism

Overall, support for suicide bombing, having declined substantially over the course of this decade among a number of Muslim publics, has not fallen further in the last year. Among the Muslim populations surveyed, support for suicide terrorism is limited, but with one key exception: the Palestinian territories, where a solid majority endorses such attacks. Pew […]

Sep. 17, 2008

Chapter 5. Muslim Views on Gender Issues

Among the Muslim respondents in the survey, most endorse a woman’s right to decide whether to wear a veil, including more than 80% of Muslims in Turkey, Indonesia, and Lebanon. Still, sizeable minorities of Muslims in several countries – and a majority in Nigeria – disagree with this view. In several countries, women are more […]

Sep. 17, 2008

Chapter 6. Pakistan

The current poll, conducted after the February parliamentary elections in Pakistan but prior to the resignation of former President Pervez Musharraf and the election of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) leader Asif Ali Zardari as the country’s new president, found that solid majorities held favorable views of both Zardari and Pakistan Muslim League (N) party leader […]

Sep. 17, 2008

Methodological Appendix

Sep. 17, 2008

Unfavorable Views of Jews and Muslims on the Increase in Europe

Growing numbers of people in several major European countries say they have an unfavorable opinion of Jews, and opinions of Muslims also are more negative than they were several years ago. These findings are from a new Pew Global Attitudes Project report, based on data gathered from 24 countries from regions throughout the world, that examine worldwide religiosity and take a close look at Muslim publics’ attitudes toward terrorism, Osama bin Laden, Hamas, Hezbollah and more.

Sep. 17, 2008

Chapter 1. Views of Religious Groups

In many countries, negative attitudes toward Muslims and Jews are common, and unfavorable views toward both groups have increased in Europe in recent years. Moreover, there is a strong relationship between anti-Jewish and anti-Muslim sentiments in the West. Indeed, among the U.S. and the six European countries included in the survey, the correlation between unfavorable […]

Sep. 17, 2008

Chapter 2. Religiosity

In most countries surveyed, majorities consider religion an essential part of their lives. However, younger people are generally less likely to say religion is very important to them. This is especially true in Western Europe, where relatively few young people say religion plays a key role in their lives, but the same pattern can be […]

Sep. 17, 2008

Chapter 3. Muslim Views on Extremism and Conflict

The current survey reveals ongoing concerns about a number of threats and conflicts within the Muslim world. Among the eight Muslim publics included in the survey, there is widespread concern about the rise of Islamic extremism both within their countries and in the world more broadly. Many also see a conflict taking place within their […]

Sep. 17, 2008

Chapter 4. Muslim Views Toward Major Countries

Overall, respondents from the countries in the survey with sizeable Muslim populations express positive opinions about Saudi Arabia. In these nations, favorable views of the Saudi Kingdom are far more common than favorable views of other major countries, and are especially widespread in Pakistan and Jordan. Attitudes toward the U.S. are largely negative, and Iran […]

Jul. 22, 2008

Chapter 2. National Issues

The vast majority of Chinese say that their country is on the right path – more than eight-in-ten say things in China are going well and that the economy is strong. Nonetheless, the country is not immune from economic fears – even in China, with its growing economy and high levels of national confidence, economic […]

Jul. 22, 2008

Chapter 3. China and the World

The Chinese generally have a positive view of their country’s role in world affairs. They see their country as well-liked abroad and believe China considers the interests of others in making decisions about foreign policy. They also see their country on the rise – most think China will ultimately supplant the United States as the […]

Jul. 22, 2008

Chapter 4. The Olympics

Publics around the world show signs of apprehension about China’s growing economic power, its role in foreign affairs and the safety of the products it exports, but the Chinese are confident that the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will change the way their country is viewed. By nearly unanimous margins, Chinese respondents say their country […]

Jul. 22, 2008

Chapter 5. Modern Life and Values

Most Chinese embrace a free market approach to economics. Seven-in-ten in this formerly socialist country feel people are better off in a free market economy, even though it may result in a gap between rich and poor. This faith in free markets cuts across demographic groups – women and men, more-and-less educated, rich and poor, […]

Jul. 22, 2008

Chapter 6. Technology Use

More than one-third of those surveyed in China report owning a computer (36%) and using the internet (38%) at least occasionally. One-quarter (25%) report sending email at least occasionally.1 Computer ownership remained steady between 2007 (37%) and 2008 (36%) after increasing from 2002 (28%). Reported internet and email usage patterns also changed little since 2007. […]

Jul. 22, 2008

The Chinese Celebrate Their Roaring Economy, As They Struggle With Its Costs

The 2008 Pew Global Attitudes survey in China finds that more than eight-in-ten Chinese are satisfied with their country’s overall direction and their national economy, a significant increase in contentment from earlier in the decade. But levels of personal satisfaction are generally lower than the national measures, and the poll suggests the Chinese people – who express concern about inflation and pollution – may be struggling with the consequences of economic growth.

Jul. 22, 2008

Chapter 7. News Sources

In the midst of a rapidly changing society, Chinese news source choices are clear and consistent with those of publics across the globe: television dominates. This tendency to turn to television is not new – overwhelming majorities in China reported using television as a news source in both 2002 and 2007. Many also turn to […]

Jul. 22, 2008

Survey Methods

Results for the survey are based on face-to-face interviews conducted March 28 to April 19, 2008. Data cited are from the Horizon Consultancy Group. The survey in China is part of the larger 2008 Pew Global Attitudes survey conducted in 24 countries. Results for the other 23 survey countries are based on face-to-face and telephone […]

Jul. 22, 2008

Chapter 1. Chinese Views of Their Lives

While large majorities in China are content with their country’s direction and economy, satisfaction with certain personal issues – job and household income – is more modest. Indeed, while most are satisfied with their family life, job and household income, by global standards, levels of personal satisfaction in China are not especially high. In addition, […]

Jun. 12, 2008

Chapter 1. Views on Economic Issues

In the midst of rapidly evolving global economic conditions – notably including a U.S. economic slowdown – people around the world are largely dissatisfied with the way things are going in their country and with their nation’s economic conditions: Majorities in most countries rate their national economic situation as bad and believe things will either […]

Jun. 12, 2008

Chapter 2. Views of the U.S.

America’s image has improved over the last year in many countries included in the survey, with particularly strong increases in Tanzania, South Korea, and Indonesia. In most countries surveyed, however, views of the United States remain either mixed or negative. Among America’s traditional allies in Western Europe, the U.S. continues to receive largely negative reviews. […]

Jun. 12, 2008

Chapter 3. Views of China

As the international spotlight turns to China and the 2008 Beijing Olympics, international publics are showing signs of apprehension about the country and its growing power. Overall, favorable views of China have declined slightly over the last year, and this is especially true in Asia, as well as in Western nations, where enthusiasm for the […]

Jun. 12, 2008

Chapter 4. Views of Asian Powers

Publics in the Asian countries surveyed express mixed views about their neighbors, and the divide is deepest between traditional rivals. About seven-in-ten Chinese (69%) express an unfavorable view of Japan, and even more in Japan (84%) dislike China. In India, nearly three-quarters (73%) hold negative views of Pakistan, while 57% of Pakistanis have similar views […]

Jun. 12, 2008

Global Economic Gloom – China and India Notable Exceptions

The latest Pew Global Attitudes survey finds some encouraging signs for America’s global image for the first time this decade. Although views of the United States remain negative in much of the world, favorable ratings have increased modestly since 2007 in 10 of 21 countries where comparative data are available. Many people around the world are paying close attention to the U.S. presidential election.

Jun. 12, 2008

Chapter 5. Issues in Russia and Europe

Of the three major European leaders for whom confidence levels were investigated in 2008, Pew data show that German Chancellor Angela Merkel receives the highest praise for having good judgment in foreign affairs. The opposite is the case for Vladimir Putin: During this time of political transition from Russian president to prime minister, Putin’s ratings […]

Jun. 12, 2008

Chapter 6. Views of Iran

As has been the case in recent years, people around the world hold mostly negative views of Iran. Majorities or pluralities in 20 of the 24 countries surveyed express unfavorable opinions about the largely Shia nation, and opinions are often as negative in other Muslim nations as they are in other parts of the world. […]