July 8, 2015

World Population by Income

How Many Live on How Much, and Where

13% of people globally are middle income

People living on $10.01-20 daily are classified as middle income

Poor 15
Low income 56
Middle income 13
Upper-middle income 9
High income 7
Poor -14
Low income 6
Middle income 5
Upper-middle income 2
High income 1

The income groups are defined as follows: The poor live on $2 or less daily, low income on $2.01-10, middle income on $10.01-20, upper-middle income on $20.01-50, and high income on more than $50; figures expressed in 2011 purchasing power parities in 2011 prices.

Report: A Global Middle Class is More Promise than Reality

Source: Pew Research Center analysis of data from the World Bank PovcalNet database (Center for Global Development version available on the Harvard Dataverse Network) and the Luxembourg Income Study database

Updated August 13, 2015: This new edition includes corrected estimates for Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Taiwan, and some related aggregated data.